Chilopoda


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Related to Chilopoda: Collembola

Chilopoda

[‚kī′läp·ə·də]
(invertebrate zoology)
The centipedes, a class of the Myriapoda that is exclusively carnivorous and predatory.

Chilopoda

 

(division Opisthogoneata), a class of arthropods [including the centipedes], considered by some zoologists to be a subclass of Myriopoda.

The body of Chilopoda is highly elongated, from several millimeters in length to 25–30 cm; it is divided into a head and a segmented trunk, with a pair of appendages on each segment. There is a pair of cirri on the head and on each of its sides a group of simple eyes. The mouth parts are a pair of mandibles and two pairs of maxillae. The legs of the first trunk segment are raptorial and directed forward. At the base of the terminal segment of these legs there is a poison gland that opens at the claw. The gland secretion serves both to kill the prey and to defend against enemies. Respiration is accomplished through a tracheal system. The female winds herself around the deposited eggs, guarding them and then guarding the young during the initial period after hatching. The Chilopoda are divided into four orders—Geophilo-morpha, blind soil forms with a large number of segments (35–177); Scolopendromorpha, many of which are poisonous to humans; Lithobiomorpha; and Scutigeromorpha. More than 2,000 species are known; they are found chiefly in the tropics. All are predaceous.

REFERENCES

Rukovodstvo po zoologii, vol. 3, part 2. Moscow, 1951.
Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 3. Edited by L. A. Zenkevich. Moscow, 1969.

M. S. GILIAROV

References in periodicals archive ?
Adults also contained many prey items that are strictly terrestrial, including several species of terrestrial Gastropoda, Opiliones, Pseudoscorpionida, Chilopoda, Diplopoda, terrestrial Coleoptera (for example, Chrysomelidae and Staphylinidae), and larval Lepidoptera.
Finalmente, una referencia basica para adentrarse al estudio y conocimiento de las familias y especies de los cuatro ordenes de Chilopoda para Mexico, es la obra clasica de Pocock (1895-1910).
2005) en paramos de Colombia y, Morales y Sarmiento (2002) en zona de paramo no perturbado de los Andes de Venezuela, donde Chilopoda representaba el 12% de los macroinvertebrados.
In summary, after experiments or current observations, Chilopoda and Diplopoda trackways don't suite with Acripes multiformis.
O solo foi triado manualmente, para a identificacao dos grupos, Oligochaeta (Enchytraeidae e outras) [Annelida], Araneae, Isopoda, Blattodea, Isoptera, Diptera, Dermaptera, Orthoptera, Hemiptera, Coleoptera, Hymenoptera (Formicidae e outras), Diplopoda, Chilopoda [Arthropoda] e imaturos.
A Oscar Francke y Griselda Montiel por las facilidades otorgadas para revisar la coleccion de Chilopoda de la CNAN.
Estes grupos de menor importancia numerica Aracnida (aranhas), Chilopoda (centopeias), Diplopoda (piolho-de-cobra), Diplura (Ordem de artropodes pertencentes a classe Entognatha), Gastropoda (caracois e lesmas), Isopoda (tatuzinhos), Orthoptera (grilos) e Thysanoptera (tripes) - e os organismos que nao puderam ser identificados foram considerados como "Outros".
For example, mitochondrial 16S rRNA gene sequences were used in taxonomic studies of Chilopoda (Edgecombe & Giribet 2004), Polydesmida (Marek & Bond 2007), Hymenoptera (Dowton & Austin 1994), Australian elapid snakes (Keogh et al.
Os predadores que se alimentam de outros organismos (Araneae, Chilopoda, Pseudoscorpionida e Hymenoptera), as larvas de insetos (larvas de Diptera, Coleoptera, Lepidoptera e Neuroptera), os grupos Coleoptera, Collembola e Thysanoptera e os insetos sociais (Formicidae e Isoptera) podem ser tanto saprofagos como predadores.