Chilotherium

Chilotherium

 

a genus of extinct mammals of the family Rhinocerotidae, widespread during the Neogene. Members of the genus Chilotherium were typical representatives of hipparion fauna. They were about 3 m long and stood about 1.5 m high. The body was massive, and the legs were short. The cranium was short. The anterior part of the lower jaw was very wide and had two incisors in the form of small tusks. Horns were absent. The animal inhabited river valleys and lake shores, feeding on plants that it dug out of the soft ground with its incisors. There were about ten species. Remains of Chilotherium have been found in various sites of hipparion fauna in Eurasia; in the USSR remains have been found in Moldavia, the Ukraine, Kazakhstan, and Middle Asia.

References in periodicals archive ?
Chilotherium, Deinotherium) indicates that, open areas covered by grass, should also exist nearby the wetlands of Dhok Bun Amir Khatoon.
It contains typical Lower Siwalik fauna (Colbert, 1935), and rhinocerotids from this formation include Caementodon oettingenae, Chilotherium intermedium, Chilotherium blanfordi, Aprotodon fatehjangense, Brachypotherium perimense, Didermoceros aff.
Rhinocerotids in the Nagri include Caementodon oettingenae, Aprotodon fatehjangense, Gaindatherium vidali, Chilotherium intermedium, Brachypotherium perimense, and Eurhinoceros aff.
Chilotherium blanfordi (Lydekker) - Colbert, 1935: fig.
Chilotherium and Brachypotherium are abundant in those areas of Chinji, Nagri and Dhok Pathan formations where the climatic conditions are intermediate.
Chilotherium intermedium###PUPC (07/95)###m2###Hypoconid###Two LEH 10 and 18 mm above the neck
A maximum number of 6 species out of 15, namely Caementodon oettingenae, Chilotherium intermedium, Gaindatherium sp.
The commonly collected mammalian taxa from the same sediments from the Hasnot where the Gazella specimens were recovered are: Dorcatherium, Dorcabune, Tragoportax, Selenoportax, Pachyportax, Elachistoceras, Cervus, Bramatherium (Hydaspitherium), Giraffa, Stegodon, Stegolophodon, Merycopotamus, Propotamochoerus, Hippohyus, Hippopotamodon, Sivalhippus, Chilotherium, Percrocuta and Indarctos (Colbert, 1935; Pilgrim, 1937, 1939; Akhtar, 1992; Barry et al.
Aceratherium perimense, Chilotherium intermedium, Stegolophodon latidens and Crocuta carnifex (Pilgrim, 1937, 1939; Heissig, 1972; Bernor and Hussain, 1985; Akhtar, 1992; Bibi, 2007; Khan et al.
New dental material attributed to Chilotherium intermedium from the Chinji and the Nagri formations of the Siwaliks is presented.
Key words: Chilotherium, Subchilotherium, Aceratheriini, Miocene, Siwaliks, Pakistan.
Ringstrom (1924) established the genus Chilotherium Ringstrom and referred two species from the Siwalik to this genus, i.