Maté

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Related to Chimarrao: mate, Mate tea

maté

(mätā`, mătā`),

yerba maté

(yĕr`bä, –bə), or

Paraguay tea,

evergreen tree (Ilex paraguariensis) of the family Aquifoliaceae (hollyholly,
common name for members of the Aquifoliaceae, a family of widely distributed trees and shrubs, most numerous in Central and South America. The evergreen English holly (Ilex aquifolium
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 family). From ancient times Native Americans and now millions of Argentines and others in South America have made a tea (also called maté) from the young leaves and tender shoots of Ilex paraguensis, the source of the best brew, and from closely related species. Mate is the most popular beverage in S South America, and its culture is an important industry in Brazil and Paraguay. The tea is a stimulant and restorative, less astringent than genuine tea, and contains considerable caffeine. The word mate refers also to the cups in which the tea is infused, which are made from curiously shaped gourds or calabashes, with small openings cut in the top and sometimes decorated with silver mountings. The dried leaves are put in a container and covered with boiling water, and the tea is drunk through a bombilla, a tube provided at the lower end with a strainer of fine basketwork, metal, or perforated wood. Mate is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Celastrales.

Maté

 

the dried ground leaves of the evergreen tree Ilex paraguariensis. The tree itself is also called maté. Maté contains up to 1.8 percent caffeine, 0.05 percent theobromine, 9-12 percent tannins, essential oil, vitamins A, B, and C, and citric acid. It is used to prepare a tonic beverage used in South America as tea, which is drunk from a small vessel made from the fruit of a gourd, which is also called maté.


Maté

 

(Ilex paraguariensis), also yerba, a plant of the family Aquifoliaceae. The maté is an evergreen tree measuring 6–16 m tall. The opposite, obovate, and smooth leaves have crenate edges; they are 7–10 cm long and 4–5 cm across. The small, unisexual flowers are usually four-parted and gathered into axillary umbellate inflorescences. The maté most commonly is dioecious, although occasionally monoecious specimens with bisexual flowers are encountered. The fruit is a drupe with four to eight seeds.

The maté grows wild in South America, between 12° and 33° S lat. It is found at elevations of 500 to 900 m above sea level. The plant formerly grew in thickets, most of which have been destroyed. It is cultivated for its leaves and young shoots, which are used to prepare a tonic, also called maté. The plant is cultivated mainly in Brazil and bordering regions of Argentina and Paraguay. Annual production is about 200,000 tons.

REFERENCE

Siniagin, I. I. Tropicheskoe zemledelie. Moscow, 1968.

mate

[māt]
(biology)
To pair for breeding.
To copulate.

mate

1. the sexual partner of an animal
2. Nautical
a. short for first mate
b. any officer below the master on a commercial ship
c. a warrant officer's assistant on a ship
References in periodicals archive ?
Em decorrencia de mais uma conquista, a equipe do Chimarrao recebeu, do entao prefeito Elivir Desiam, uma placa comemorativa, que seria afixada na entrada principal da cidade, com os dizeres: "Bem-Vindo a Capital Gaucha do Futsal Feminino".
Em suma, desconsiderando-se os efeitos do coeficiente linear da regressao estimada - Y = 1,93 + 0,57 X--, o aumento previsto no preco da erva-mate para chimarrao ao consumidor final em Porto Alegre, dado o aumento de R$ 1,00 no preco pago pela arroba do produto aos produtores rurais no Rio Grande do Sul, e de aproximadamente R$ 0,57.
929/2003 instituyo el churrasco como plato tipico y el chimarrao como bebida tipica del Estado de Rio Grande do Sul, constituyendolos como bienes culturales (Governo do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, 2011).
Es importante resaltar tambien una de las practicas realizadas en la region de la Campanha (10) durante la <<rueda de chimarrao, al final del dia, en los galpoes de estancia, entre los peones, era y es (11) contar historias, narrar>> (Leal, 1992: 8).
Estudo da alteracao da cor e degradacao da clorofila durante armazenagem de erva-mate tipo chimarrao.
A adubacao verde proposta pelos agricultores recuperou inicialmente pequenas areas, com rotacao de cultura, utilizando esterco de animais, adubos da independencia (mistura de tudo que tem ao redor da propriedade como esterco, terra para tirar o cheiro, erva do chimarrao, restos de comida, sendo tudo misturado e triturado).
Effect of the chimarrao consumption on the diuresis of young women
For the germaphobes of the world, traditional mate imbibing might take some getting used to, as this is thought to be a social event, where a group of people pass around the Chimarrao and take turns sipping until the mate runs out and needs to be refilled.
Como habitam em casas separadas, as mulheres em geral nao participam dos momentos de reuniao com os homens, como no caso das refeicoes ou das rodas de chimarrao no galpao.