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see ShymkentShymkent
or Chimkent
, city (1993 est. pop. 404,000), S Kazakhstan, on the Turkistan-Siberia RR. It has large zinc and lead smelters and machine, chemical, and food-processing industries. Founded in the 12th cent.
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, Kazakhstan.



a city and administrative center of Chimkent Oblast (from 1932 to 1962, Iuzhnyi Kazakhstan Oblast; from 1962 to 1964, Iuzhnyi Kazakhstan Krai), Kazakh SSR. Situated on a foothill plain, between the Badam and Sairam rivers of the Syr Darya basin. Junction of railroad lines to Dzhambul, Arys’, and Lenger. Population, 303,000 (Jan. 1, 1977; 74,000 in 1939, 153,000 in 1959, and 247,000 in 1970).

Chimkent has been known since the 12th century. In 1864 it became part of the Russian Empire and was made a district capital in Syr Darya Oblast. During the years of Soviet power, the city has been transformed into a large industrial and cultural center of Kazakhstan.

Industry in Chimkent is linked primarily with the processing of local agricultural products and minerals. One of the city’s largest enterprises is a lead-processing plant. Other enterprises include the Fosfor production association, the Kalinin Automatic Press Plant, plants for the production of Cardan shafts, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, and phosphorus salts, and a hydrolysis plant. An oil refinery is under construction (1978). Light industry is represented by a cotton combine, cotton-ginning and karakul plants, the Elastik hosiery and knitwear production association, the Voskhod clothing factory, and the Chimkentmebel’ furniture production association. The food-processing industry is represented by a meat-packing plant, a combine for the production of oils and fats, and a production association of the milk industry. The building-materials industry is represented by a cement plant, a brickyard, and an asbestos roofing combine.

Chimkent has institutes of chemical technology and pedagogy, a pedagogical institute of culture, a branch of the Alma-Ata Institute of the National Economy, and five technicums—power, automotive, polytechnic, cooperative, and irrigation construction technicums. It also has a medical school, a music school, and an art school. There are two theaters (Kazakh and Russian) and a museum of local lore in the city.


Tynybaev, Zh. Nov’ drevnego Chimkenta. Alma-Ata, 1971.


a city in S Kazakhstan; a major railway junction. Pop.: 469 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Valentina Vostrikova, chief surgeon at Chimkent hospital, said: "It was remarkable.
Kazakh officials told Reuters that the Ilyushin, arriving from the southern Kazakh city of Chimkent, had been chartered by a company in neighboring Kyrgyzstan and that most of the passengers aboard were Kyrgyzstan.
The West Kazakhstan-Kumkol pipeline project is extremely vital to the economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan's ultimate goal of transporting crude oil produced from the western part of the country eastward to Kumkol, from where it is further transported through existing pipelines to refineries in Chimkent in the south and Pavoldar in the northeast.
Moldakul Narimbetov, the artist from the Kazakh city of Chimkent, orchestrated the opening ceremony, one could almost say choreographed it, to conform to certain native shamanistic rites.
9 had been invested in the cellular network, and it has now been rolled out to a number of regional centers including Karaganda and Chimkent.
The site is about 20 kilometres by road from the nearest village and 370 kilometres from the regional capital, Chimkent.
Power consumption grew in Chimkent and Jambul regions of Kazakhstan.
The Calgary-based company's trouble began in 1999 when a drawn-out dispute with the Chimkent refinery, the main local customer for its crude oil production, nearly bankrupted Hurricane.
The bases under discussion were at Taraz and Chimkent.
The Calgary-based company's trouble began in 1999 when a drawn-out dispute withthe Chimkent refinery, the main local customer for its crude oil production, nearly bankrupted Hurricane.
Among them was the oil refinery at Chimkent, which had been sold to Vitol (a Dutch oil trading company) in a controversial deal that led to a scandal.
The Chimkent plant, in south-eastern Kazakhstan, has a capacity of 160,000 b/d.