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(chēmo͞o`), ancient civilization on the desert coast of N Peru. It is believed to have begun c.1200. The MocheMoche
or Mochica
, ancient Native American civilization on the coast of N Peru. Previously called Early Chimu (see Chimu), the Moche were warriors with a highly developed social and political organization.
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, an earlier civilization, was previously known as early Chimu or proto-Chimu. After the decline of the Moche (c.800), there was a long transition period about which relatively little is known except that it was probably influenced by TiahuanacoTiahuanaco
, ancient native ruin, W Bolivia, 34 mi (55 km) S of Lake Titicaca on the Tiahuanaco R. in the S central Andes, near the Peruvian border; also called Tiwanaku or Tiahuanacu.
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. The Chimu were urban dwellers and apparently had a powerful military and a complex, well-organized social system. They built many well-planned cities; the largest and most impressive was their capital, Chan ChanChan Chan
, ruins of an ancient city near Trujillo, N Peru. An early example of city planning, with a rectangular grid structure, it was probably begun in the period from A.D. 950 to 1400, and it is estimated that it may have contained as many as 200,000 people.
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. The Chimu exerted considerable influence on the Cuismancu empire, centered at ChancayChancay
, archaeological site in central Peru, center of the ancient Cuismancu empire. Culturally influenced by the Chimu, the Cuismancu dominated less territory and were not as powerful.
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. The last phases of Chimu civilization were contemporaneous with the rise of the IncaInca
, pre-Columbian empire, W South America. The name Inca may specifically refer to the emperor, but is generally used to mean the empire or the people. Extent and Organization of the Empire
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 empire, by which it was absorbed c.1460.


See J. A. Mason, Ancient Civilizations of Peru (1957, rev. ed. 1988); V. W. Wolfgang, The Desert Kingdoms of Peru (1965); E. P. Lanning, Peru before the Incas (1967).

References in periodicals archive ?
Para comenzar a develar la importancia que para chimus y lambayeques tuvo el Spondylus spp.
Desde epocas moches, los navegantes y pescadores se muestran utilizando las embarcaciones conocidas como caballitos de totora, tradicion que siguio siendo empleada por chimus y lambayeques.
Esta situacion en donde los humanos se encontraban en un lugar liminar, en donde el apoyo de los dioses era requerido, fue reforzada iconograficamente por chimus y lambayeques con otros elementos.
Muchas de las piezas chimus y lambayeques en las que aparecen la recoleccion de Spondylus spp.
En las cepas de Los Chimus a pesar que durante todo el intervalo de cultivo, el medio con N[O.
En la cepa de Los Chimus, fue el tratamiento con N[O.
Las cepas de Los Chimus, Huacho y Chilca tuvieron las menores concentraciones de carotenoides finales promedio en el medio con Urea.
La cepa de Los Chimus presenta el comportamiento inverso en las sales de amonio, nitrato y urea.
dia) Con respecto a las cepas de Los Chimus y Otuma las maximas tasas de crecimiento se produjeron a 1.
En el caso de la cepa de Los Chimus este comportamiento solo sucedio a 2.
Las mayores tasas de produccion de carotenoides o productividades de carotenoides en la cepa de Chilca, Otuma y Chimus se produjeron a 2.
5 M de salinidad (fue un excepcion la comparacion de la cepa de Los Chimus y Huacho a 1.