Chinese Academy of Sciences

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Chinese Academy of Sciences


(also, the Academy of Sciences of the People’s Republic of China), the highest scientific institution in China, coordinating research in all branches of knowledge and directing many research organizations. The academy was founded in 1949 through the merger of the Academia Sinica in Nanking and the Peking Research Academy. The academy is headed by the Council of the Academy of Sciences, which directs the divisions of the academy and elects a standing committee, consisting of a president, six vice-presidents, and a general secretary. Kuo Mo-jo was appointed president of the academy in 1949.

At first, in 1949, the academy had jurisdiction over 16 research institutes and six laboratories, with 224 scientific staff members. Taking Soviet experience into account, the academy organized its work along three fundamental lines: the guidance of scientific work in the country, the strengthening of collaboration between scientific organizations, and the study of scientific and technological achievements in other countries. The Academy of Sciences of the USSR rendered the Chinese Academy substantial assistance in developing research and training personnel. In 1954 the academy consisted of four divisions: physics, chemistry, and mathematics; biology and earth sciences (reorganized in 1957 into two divisions—biology and geology-geography); technical sciences; and social sciences. In its early years the academy had branches in Shanghai, Nanking, and K’unming.

In 1958 the Chinese government decided to establish branches of the academy in every province and autonomous region, and by the end of 1959 there were 26 such branches. However, in 1961–62 these provincial branches were dropped, and only five regional branches remained. In 1962 there were more than 110 research institutes under the academy, and little has changed since. The number of scientific staff members in 1962 was 8,000, including approximately 1,000 scientists with advanced degrees. In 1967 some 10,000 staff members were engaged with the academy, of which about half were trained scientists.

The Chinese Academy of Sciences includes the Committee on Atomic Energy, Institute of Science and Technology (which trains science professionals), the Scientific and Technical Information Center, and several committees in various scientific fields that are in charge of specialized research institutes.


References in periodicals archive ?
Address for correspondence: Hongsheng Wang, Institute of Dermatology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, St.
Co-author Professor Liming Li, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, said "A recent Global Burden of Disease report put low fruit consumption as one of the leading causes of premature death in China.
Jing Xie, Department of Urology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China; qyngnnyxj@126.
Corresponding authors at: Institute of Blood Transfusion, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, 26 Huacai Road, Longtan Industry Park, Chenghua District, Chengdu, China.
The memorandum of understanding and cooperation agreement was signed by the Director of the Institute of Medicinal Biotechnology (IMB) of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences in Beijing, Professor Jiang Jian-Dong, Agenix Executive Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Nicholas Weston and the Chairman of Agenix Biopharmaceutical (Shanghai), Mr Tang Wen Sen.
The Institute of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences found that today breast cancer is the most common of malignant tumors in women in metropolitan cities, such as Shanghai and Beijing, which alone have a combined population of more than 30 million people.
Guocheng Zhang, Institute of Dermatology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Nanjing, P R China 210042 (e-mail: gczhang@188.
Tao Cheng of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, are conference co-chairs of the International Forum on Stem Cells, being held today through Saturday in Tianjin, China.
Executives have rarely mentioned the collaboration beyond a short press release issued when Coke and the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences opened a research center in Beijing last October.
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In addition to the CAS, other Chinese institutions involved in the labs include the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and several leading Chinese universities.
At the same time, Takara Bio and Takara Biomedical Technology, filed a clinical trial application with the Chinese State Food and Drug Administration in collaboration with the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences.

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