Chinese Academy of Sciences

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Chinese Academy of Sciences


(also, the Academy of Sciences of the People’s Republic of China), the highest scientific institution in China, coordinating research in all branches of knowledge and directing many research organizations. The academy was founded in 1949 through the merger of the Academia Sinica in Nanking and the Peking Research Academy. The academy is headed by the Council of the Academy of Sciences, which directs the divisions of the academy and elects a standing committee, consisting of a president, six vice-presidents, and a general secretary. Kuo Mo-jo was appointed president of the academy in 1949.

At first, in 1949, the academy had jurisdiction over 16 research institutes and six laboratories, with 224 scientific staff members. Taking Soviet experience into account, the academy organized its work along three fundamental lines: the guidance of scientific work in the country, the strengthening of collaboration between scientific organizations, and the study of scientific and technological achievements in other countries. The Academy of Sciences of the USSR rendered the Chinese Academy substantial assistance in developing research and training personnel. In 1954 the academy consisted of four divisions: physics, chemistry, and mathematics; biology and earth sciences (reorganized in 1957 into two divisions—biology and geology-geography); technical sciences; and social sciences. In its early years the academy had branches in Shanghai, Nanking, and K’unming.

In 1958 the Chinese government decided to establish branches of the academy in every province and autonomous region, and by the end of 1959 there were 26 such branches. However, in 1961–62 these provincial branches were dropped, and only five regional branches remained. In 1962 there were more than 110 research institutes under the academy, and little has changed since. The number of scientific staff members in 1962 was 8,000, including approximately 1,000 scientists with advanced degrees. In 1967 some 10,000 staff members were engaged with the academy, of which about half were trained scientists.

The Chinese Academy of Sciences includes the Committee on Atomic Energy, Institute of Science and Technology (which trains science professionals), the Scientific and Technical Information Center, and several committees in various scientific fields that are in charge of specialized research institutes.


References in periodicals archive ?
According to Houyuan Lu of the Chinese Academy of Science in Beijing, the clump of noodles found inside the bowl is 4,000 years old.
Springer (New York) has signed cooperation agreements with two scientific publishers in China, Science Press, the publishing arm of the Chinese Academy of Science, and Higher Education Press, the publishing operations of the Chinese Education Ministry.
Together with Arif, she is heading up an international team of scientists from Queen's University, the University of Guelph, Laval University, the Chinese Academy of Science, Inra, France's institute of agronomy research, Germany's Institute of Plant Protection and London's Imperial College.
Writing in the journal Science, Qi Zhou and colleagues at the Chinese Academy of Science in Beijing, said rats turned out to be much harder to clone than sheep, cattle or mice because they evolved to reproduce fast and their eggs begin to activate almost as soon as they leave the ovary.
But when a report showed that Chinese technology paled by western standards, the government supported the influential Chinese Academy of Science in spinning off a western-style entrepreneurial company designed to shake things up.
In an article in the 1 July 2000 issue of Environmental Science and Technology, Wang Qichao and colleagues at the Chinese Academy of Science at Changchun calculate that China, the world leader in mercury pollution, emitted nearly 214 tons of mercury into the air in 1995, with another 90 tons landing up in cinder and ash.
All competing systems were tested against an un-open dataset of free handwriting samples that was made available by the Institute of Automation of Chinese Academy of Science (CASIA).
July 17, 2012 /PRNewswire/ -- Heart IT, the global leader that pioneered the first FDA approved zero footprint medical imaging workstation announced today that the Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology (SIAT), a branch of the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS), has elected to acquire WebPAX in order to receive and share medical images across multiple hospitals.
HONG KONG, June 17, 2015 - (ACN Newswire) - Freetech Road Recycling Technology (Holdings) Limited ("Freetech", or the "Group;" stock code: 6888), a leading and fast-growing service provider in the asphalt pavement maintenance ("APM") industry using "Hot-in-Place" recycling technology, today announced that the Group and School of Management of University of Chinese Academy of Sciences ("UCAS Freetech Centre") had set up UCAS Freetech Ecological Science and Technology Research Centre in Beijing on 28th May and held a Traffic Ecological Technology Development Forum along with the opening ceremony of the UCAS Freetech Centre.
A similar collaboration with the Institute of Computing Technology (ICT) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), a world leader in network software and protocol stacks, has already produced software technology which is in use by picoChip's customers worldwide.
BEIJING, May 26, 2011 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- In a ceremony today, the University of Pennsylvania (Penn) announced a collaboration agreement with the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) to develop a joint Center of Excellence in Brain Mapping for the purpose of collaborative research and education in neuroimaging.

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