Chinese Tallow Tree

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Chinese Tallow Tree

 

(Sapium sebiferum), a tree of the family Euphorbiaceae. The tree has a height of 8–10 m. The leaves, which are alternate, entire, and rhombic or broadly ovate, are equipped with two glandules on the upper part of the petiole. The flowers are unisexual and apetalous. There is a two-or three-lobed calyx in staminate flowers and a three-partite (or four- or five-partite) calyx in pistillate flowers. The flowers are gathered in apical racemes that consist of several solitary pistillate flowers and numerous staminate flowers arranged in bundles. The seeds are covered with a layer of refractory fat that resembles wax.

The Chinese tallow tree grows in East Asia, from Central China to Taiwan. The coating on the seeds yields vegetable tallow, which is used in the manufacture of candles and soap. The oil obtained from the pressed seeds is used in lacquers and dyes; it is also burned for illumination. The leaves yield a black dye. The Chinese tallow tree is cultivated for commercial purposes, mainly in Asia. In the USSR it is grown as an ornamental in Batumi and Sukhumi (farther north it freezes). The Russian name for the Chinese tallow tree—sal’noe derevo—is sometimes used to designate other tropical trees or shrubs that yield vegetable oils, for example, Pentadesma butiracea of the family Clusiaceae and some species of the families Sapotaceae, Diptero-carpaceae, and Lauraceae.

REFERENCE

Derev’ia i kustarniki SSSR, vol. 4. Moscow-Leningrad, 1958.

V. N. GLADKOVA

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The Chinese tallow tree (Triadica sebifera) is an invasive, non-native tree from Southeast Asia.
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More manageable trees whose foliage changes color would include: Modesto ash, whose leaves turn to gold; crepe myrtle, with variously colored foliage; Chinese tallow tree (Sapium sebiferum), with luminescent, multicolored leaves; persimmon, with red-orange leaves; ginkgo and birch, both of which turn golden yellow; and Chinese pistachio, which turns yellow, orange and red.
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Experiments were performed to assess germination requirements of seeds of Chinese tallow (Sapium sebiferum (L.
Initiation of a new woodland type on the Texas Coastal Prairie by the Chinese Tallow tree (Sapium sebiferum (L.
This holds true for seed-grown Chinese pistache, Chinese tallow tree, Japanese maple, red and scarlet oak, and sour gum.
Brazilian pepper -- Purple loosestrife -- Cattail -- Reed canarygrass -- Chinese Tallow Tree -- Swamp rose -- Cogongrass -- Russian-olive -- Giant reed -- Saltcedar -- Junglerice -- Smartweed -- Knapweeds -- Spartina -- Knotweed and Japanese -- Sumac knotweed -- Swamp morning glory or water -- Melaleuca spinach -- Phragmites -- Torpedo grass -- Willow
A small tree with leaves that turn every color in the rainbow is the Chinese tallow tree (Sapium sebiferum).

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