Chios


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
Related to Chios: CHICOS

Chios,

Greece: see KhíosKhíos
or Chios
, island (1991 pop. 51,060), c.350 sq mi (910 sq km), E Greece, in the Aegean Sea, just W of Asia Minor. It is mountainous and is famous for its scenic beauty and good climate. The highest point is Mt. Elias (c.4,160 ft/1,270 m).
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Chios

 

(also Khios), a Greek island in the Aegean Sea, near Asia Minor. Area, 830 sq km. Elevations on Chios range to 1,297 m. The island is composed primarily of limestones and shales. Chios has mediterranean shrub-type vegetation and groves of Aleppo pine. There are olive orchards, citrus fruit plantations, and vineyards. Goats are raised, and sardines and mackerel are caught. Antimony is mined at Melanios. The port of Chios is located on the island’s eastern coast.

Chios was one of the centers of the Aegean culture. The island’s earliest inhabitants were Leleges and Carians. These tribes inhabited Chios until the early first millennium B.C., when they were driven out by the Ionians. In the eighth century B.C. the island became a polis, whose economy was based on trade and handicrafts. The city of Chios was the island’s capital. The island produced the best wine, mastic, marble, and figs in Greece. It was also the site of the earliest Greek slave market. Chios was a center of ancient literature and art; it is believed to be the birthplace of Homer.

In the second half of the first century A.D., Chios fell under Roman rule. Between the fourth and 13th centuries, the island was controlled by Byzantium. It was subsequently a Genoese possession. The Turks ruled Chios from 1566 until 1912, when the island became part of Greece.

In southern Chios, near the village of Pyrgi, is the sanctuary of Apollo Phanaios (established ninth century B.C.), which has a noteworthy temple (second half of the sixth century B.C.). Also of interest is the medieval fortress of the Byzantine monastery of Nea Moni (1042–56).


Chios

 

a city and port in Greece, on the island of Chios in the Aegean Sea. Capital of the nome of Chios. Population, 24,100 (1971). Wine and fruits are exported.

Chios

1. an island in the Aegean Sea, off the coast of Turkey: belongs to Greece. Capital: Chios. Pop.: 51 936 (2001). Area: 904 sq. km (353 sq. miles)
2. a port on the island of Chios: in ancient times, one of the 12 Ionian city-states. Pop.: 54 000 (1995 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Refugee Education Chios was founded and managed by Be Aware And Share (BAAS), a non-profit organisation based in Switzerland and established in 2015.
In conclusion, Chios Mastic gum can be considered as a nutraceutical that induces nutritional preconditioning in healthy conditions.
And publicly I want to acknowledge the debt that I owe to my colleague, Chios Carmody, for all that he has done as the Canadian Director of the Institute.
Arabino-Galactan Proteins (AGPs) were isolated from Chios mastic gum (CMG) by using a buffer containing 0.
Mastihashop is the official store and brand of the Chios Mastiha Growers Association, which is a cooperative of Mastiha growers who harvest this resin by hand in a centuries old process.
Hansson examined swabs from two amphorae recovered from a wreck off the coast of Chios, which the Greeks had discovered in 2004 and Foley and others examined the following year.
Test results expected today will show whether the outbreak on the Greek island of Chios, the first within the European Union, was the potentially lethal H5N1 strain.
The EU is preparing to ban sales of live birds and poultry from the Aegean Sea region of Chios, pending tests on samples taken from turkeys feared infected with the deadly Asian H5N1 strain.
Test results are due back on whether the outbreak in the Chios island area is another case of the potentially lethal H5N1 strain of the flu.
Dallas-Damis returned to her parental island of Chios in 1985, where she continued her literary career as a perfectly bilingual author, translator, and journalist.
On board, a thieving servant makes trouble, too, and in a stop at the Greek island of Chios Hubert and his knight engage in a violent joust with a nasty knight and his squire over a suspected theft.
His enthusiasm gave rise to a story that may be more legend than fact, namely, that on seeing the Haywain, he repainted passages of his own entry that year, Scenes from the Massacre at Chios, with greater sparkle.