Chipewyan


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Chipewyan

(chĭp'əwī`ən), Native North Americans of the AthabascanAthabascan
, Athapascan,
or Athapaskan
, group of related Native American languages forming a branch of the Nadene linguistic family or stock. In the preconquest period, Athabascan was a large and extensive group of tongues.
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 branch of the Nadene linguistic stock (see also Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). Formerly the largest of the Athabascan groups, scattered Chipewyan bands ranged W Canada between Great Slave Lake and the Churchill River. They were nomadic hunters and gatherers who lived in small groups of extended families, following the seasonal migration of caribou herds. The Chipewyan were in rivalry with the Woodland Cree; eventually their numbers were severely reduced by smallpox. They are not to be confused with the Chippewa or Ojibwa. In 1991 close to 10,000 Chipewyan were living in Alberta, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and the Northwest Territories.
References in periodicals archive ?
These include the plural nature of Fort Chipewyan society and how the community was brought into the developing systems of Canadian law, economy, resource management, education, and other such "national" concerns.
The results of twenty years of research among the people of Fort Chipewyan are immediately evident in this exhaustive study of various aspects of Fort Chipewyan life and culture.
Fort Chipewyan will receive CAD685,000 for wildlife control fencing; Grande Prairie will receive CAD105,414 in order to purchase a sand truck and a truck-mounted sander and CAD366,570 for a replacement snow blower; and High Level will receive CAD277,495 for a front-end loader and attachments.
Although these parasites are relatively easy to control, there was no evidence that sporadic veterinary presence in Fort Chipewyan reduced parasitism.
At the time, Fort Chipewyan was served by a unique "airborne" justice system--the judge, crown prosecutor (who is comparable to a U.
It is comprised of the First Nations of Athabasca Chipewyan, Chipewyan Prairie, Mikisew Cree, Fort McKay and Fort McMurray No.
Addressing the concerns of the Fort McKay community, Bertha Ganter, a Chipewyan eider and environmental consultant, noted in a recent conference that "the community is saddened in seeing so much land being lost.
When I came back to Fort Chipewyan I felt really good because I like being close to Mother Nature and I wanted to help the younger students.
Eriel Deranger, spokesperson for Athabasca Chipewyan First Nation, said : 'We're supposed to be creating boards that are impartial, and when you appoint someone who is a co-founder of the Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers, and his whole career is based on the interest in the prospering of an oil and gas industry, it looks pretty bad.
photograph showing a Fort Chipewyan woman in a cemetery; the caption mentions our panel finding that evidence did not support a link between cancers in that community and oil sands contaminants, while noting that we recommended additional monitoring, but there is no mention that our additional monitoring proposal was made specifically to deal with community concerns.
She provides an account of Fort Chipewyan, and also of natural gas seepings which her crew lit to cook a meal.