Chisholm Trail

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Chisholm Trail,

route over which vast herds of cattle were driven from Texas to the railheads in Kansas after the Civil War. Its name is generally believed to come from Jesse Chisholm, a part-Cherokee trader who, in the spring of 1866, drove his wagon, heavily loaded with buffalo hides, through the Indian TerritoryIndian Territory,
in U.S. history, name applied to the country set aside for Native Americans by the Indian Intercourse Act (1834). In the 1820s, the federal government began moving the Five Civilized Tribes (Cherokee, Creek, Seminole, Choctaw, and Chickasaw) of the Southeast to
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 that is now Oklahoma to his trading post near Wichita, Kans., the wheels cutting deep ruts in the prairie. These marked a route followed for almost two decades by traders and by drovers bringing cattle to shipping points and markets in Kansas. Hundreds of thousands of Texas longhorns were driven north annually, following the Eastern and Western trails in Texas to the Chisholm Trail, which became celebrated in frontier lore and cowboy ballads. With the development of railroads and the introduction of wire fencing, the trail fell into disuse, although traces of it can still be seen.


See studies by W. Gard (1954) and B. J. Fletcher (1968).

Chisholm Trail

route used by traders and drovers bringing cattle from Texas to Kansas. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 543]
References in periodicals archive ?
Texas Daily Harvest brings sustainable, local food like Chisholm Trail Longhorn Beef to communities through virtual marketplace and online-to-local delivery
Their leanness helped them get up the Chisholm Trail in the decades after the Civil War, in what Don Worcester, author of The Texas Longhorn, described as "the greatest movement of cattle in history.
Then in 1867, Joseph McCoy, a cattle buyer from Illinois, began trailing longhorn, cattle from Texas along the Chisholm Trail, and he extended the trail north from Wichita to Abilene, Kansas, where he'd built cattle yards on a newly completed rail line.
In the back room of the White Elephant Saloon in Fort Worth he found cowhands who knew many stanzas of 'The Old Chisholm Trail.
The Chisholm Trail of halcyon days gave way to more extensive transportation systems and to settlers' barbed wire fencing.
Chisholm Trail Grass-fed Beef ranch hands will be on hand sharing Texas-raised samples straight from the grill.
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One of those donors being the Duncan Chisholm Trail Kiwanis Club, who made a $2,500 contribution to the project.
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Throughout the grocery store there are several colorful hand painted murals that pay homage to The Historic Chisholm Trail, TCU, Trinity Park, Fort Worth's Skyline and more.
Following the gallery visits, students toured the Haas murals: a trompe l'oeil facade covering a multi-story government building, storefronts that portray shops from the 1800s, and The Chisholm Trail Cattle Drive, a trompe l'oeil mural that recounts an important event in Western history.