Chita


Also found in: Dictionary, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

Chita

(chētä`), city (1989 pop. 366,000), capital of Chita region, SE Siberian Russia, at the confluence of the Chita and Ingoda rivers and on the Trans-Siberian RR. Railroad and food-processing equipment are manufactured. Founded in 1653, Chita was a place of exile of the 19th-century Decembrist rebels.

Chita

 

a city and administrative center of Chita Oblast, RSFSR. Located in Transbaikalia, at the influx of the Chita River into the Ingoda River. Population, 294,000 (1977; 121,000 in 1939, 172,000 in 1959, and 241,000 in 1970). A transportation junction on the Trans-Siberian Railroad and a highway junction, Chita has an airport. It is divided into four city districts. It was awarded the Order of the October Revolution on Oct. 23,1972.

Chita has existed since 1653, when it was known as the settlement of Ingodinskoe Zimov’e. In 1690 it became a sloboda (tax-exempt settlement), populated by cossacks and trappers (it was renamed Chitinskaia in 1706), near which a stockade was built, where many Decembrists later served their sentences of hard labor. In 1851 it became a city and administrative center of Transbaikalia Oblast. Chita’s economic importance grew after the building of the Transbaikal Railroad in 1900. Gold mining and the lumber industry developed in the city’s environs. Chita was the seat of the administration of the Nerchinsk Mining District. In 1902, under the direction of E. M. Iaroslavskii, a Social Democratic organization and a committee of the RSDLP were established. The workers and soldiers of Chita took an active part in the Revolution of 1905–07 (seeCHITA REPUBLIC).

Soviet power was established on Feb. 16, 1918. On Aug. 26, 1918, the city was seized by White Guard bands. On Oct. 22, 1920, partisan units of the Amur Front liberated the city, which became the capital of the Far East Republic. In 1922 it was made the administrative center of Transbaikalia Province, in 1926, of the Chita District of the Far East Krai, and in 1937, of Chita Oblast.

Chita is a major industrial and cultural center of Eastern Siberia. The most important enterprises are the automotive assembly plant, the machine-building plant, the machine-tool plant, the K. E. Voroshilov Locomotive and Railroad Car Repair Plant, and the furniture and wood-products combine. A state district power plant is located in the city, as is the Vostochnaia lignite mine. Light industry is represented by worsted cloth and leather-footwear combines, a chrome-leather tannery, and a sheepskin and fur factory. The food industry is represented by flour-milling, meat-packing, and milk combines and by enterprises of the Ingoda food firm.

Among the research and educational institutions in Chita are the Transbaikalia Integrated Scientific Research Institute of the Ministry of Geology of the USSR, the Transbaikalia Scientific Research Technological Institute of Sheep and Beef Cattle Raising, a branch of the institute of experimental veterinary medicine of Siberia and the Far East, pedagogical, medical, and polytechnic institutes, a branch of the Khabarovsk Institute of Railroad Engineers, a correspondence law school of the University of Irkutsk, and 12 specialized secondary educational institutions. Also in Chita are a dramatic theater, a puppet theater, a philharmonic society, and the oblast museum of local lore.

REFERENCES

Dvornichenko, N. E. Chita: Spravochnik-putevoditel’. Chita, 1959.
Galkova, G. N., V. F. Balabanov, and V. G. Mal’tseva. Chite—125: Rekomendatel’nyi ukazatel’ literatury k 125-letiiu Chity, kak oblastnogo tsentra. Chita, 1976.

Chita

an industrial city in SE Russia, on the Trans-Siberian railway. Pop.: 309 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Some years ago, a seasoned Broadway pit musician mentioned to me that he had once toured with Chita Rivera.
She remembers getting the sheet music for Irving Berlin's ``Annie Get Your Gun,'' and later seeing Chita Rivera in ``West Side Story'' when that musical swept London's West End.
OB) (F3SN:F) is pleased to announce that a definitive agreement has been executed between the Company and Gamma Investment Holdings Ltd for a 47% interest in mineral properties located in the Chita Region of the Russian Federation.
Open Competition: Development Of The Project Documentation For The Repair Of Bridges Over The River Great Little On Km 177 + 978, Across The River At Km Ukshahan 168 + 640 Of The Road P-297 Amur Chita - Nevers - Free - Arkhara - Birobidzhan - Khabarovsk
The dress practically made the character," says Broadway icon Chita Rivera of her eye-catching lavender outfit in the original West Side Story.
A cast chock-a-block with stars such as Chita Rivera, Jerry Orbach and Fosse's estranged wife, Gwen Verdon.
The second agreement is with the Barbara B Mann Performing Arts Hall, the company has agreed to be the sponsor of the Chita Rivera "The Dancers Life" http://www.
Open Competition: Creation of digital orthophoto scale of 1: 5000 based on remote sensing (RS) to the territory of the urban district of the city of Chita
And in yet another twist on the "greatest hits" formula, Chita Rivera's career on Broadway will be documented in Chita Rivera: The Dancer's Life, which opens this month at the Old Globe in San Diego with Broadway its final destination.
Joan Crawford, Divine, Anthony Perkins, and the elusive Greta Garbo, Boas's tome also includes behind-the-snap stories involving friendships (with Kate Hepburn and Chita Rivera), fellow fans, and facing the famous.
Neuwirth, whose award was greeted with thunderous applause, thanked Chita Rivera, who created the role of Velma Kelly, and Bob Fosse, the musical's original choreographer.
Past honorees include Celine Dion, Chita Rivera, Rita Rudner, Carol Channing, Debbie Reynolds, Elaine Wynn and Ann-Margret.