Chloral


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Related to Chloral: chloral hydrate

chloral

[′klȯr·əl]
(organic chemistry)
CCl3CHO A colorless, oily liquid soluble in water; used industrially to prepare DDT; a hypnotic. Also known as trichloroacetic aldehyde; trichloroethanal.

Chloral

 

trichloroacetic aldehyde, CCl3CHO; a colorless liquid, with a pungent odor and a boiling point of 97.75°C. Chloral interacts energetically with water, alcohol, and ammonia to form well-crystallized products (see). Chloral is obtained by the chlorination of ethyl alcohol. It is used in the production of insecticides, such as khlorofos and 4,4’-dichlordiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), as well as in the production of herbicides, trichloroacetic acid, and chloroform.

References in periodicals archive ?
Similar system of poly (vinyl butyral) film containing bromo cresol green in the presence of chloral hydrate has been examined as a radiation sensitive indicator [12].
The fist case was associated with chloral hydrate, an unpredictable medication with a long half life which is no longer widely used in our setting.
Three or four days after implantation of the guide tube, a microdialysis probe (3-mm membrane; Eicom, Kyoto, Japan) was inserted into the hippocampus and through the guide tube of chloral hydrate-anesthetized rats.
At the end of the experiment, the spinal cord of the rats was immediately removed under chloral hydrate deep anesthesia.
12) described their experiences with dexmedetomidine in relation to previous use of chloral hydrate and pentobarbital for procedural sedation.
Results of medetomidine used in combination with propofol ketamine and chloral hydrate (groups B D and F) were efficient than alone.
Barbiturates, chloral hydrate, and non-barbiturate, non-BZD drugs such as meprobamate are not recommended because of potential significant adverse effects and tolerance/dependence, and low therapeutic index.
Waugh switched medication from chloral and bromide to paraldehyde after his Pinfold episode; he risked depression by combining it with alcohol.
Mostly herbal medicines were used and only antibiotics available were streptomycin, penecilline and sulpha drugs, Opiate, chloral hydrate bromide and recently introduced barbiturates were the most commonly used drugs (phenothiazines and antibiotic tetracycline's were not yet freely available).
Toxicology reports showed high levels of drugs Nembutal and chloral hydrate in her bloodstream, and her death was ruled as a "probable suicide.
These fractures in all the species were treated by using different anesthetics like Xylazine (49 animals), chloral hydrate (4 animals), combination of Xylazine and Ketamine (37 animals) and Lignocaine hydochloride (1 animal).