chloroacetic acid


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chloroacetic acid

[¦klȯr·ə¦sēd·ik ′as·əd]
(organic chemistry)
ClCH2COOH White or colorless, deliquescent crystals that are soluble in water, ether, chloroform, benzene, and alcohol; used as an herbicide and in the manufacture of dyes and other organic molecules.
References in periodicals archive ?
The chemical reaction process for sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (Na-CMC) production by treating the glucose polymer cellulose with chloroacetic acid under basic conditions.
CMC can be found vastly in plants from wood to renewable agricultural waste or biomass feedstock resources, [13] whereas chitosan was extracted from the external skeleton (shell) of marine crustaceans such as shrimp shells, crab shells and fungal mycelia [14] CMC is a linear anionic polysaccharide of anhydroglucose units linked by C-1 and C-4 ether bonds known as P-1,4 glycosidic linkages with extensive intramolecular hydrogen bonding, a cellulose derivative prepared from alkaline cellulose and chloroacetic acid by etherification and usually used as its sodium salt (cellulose gum) [15].
Reagents (analytical grade): 5,5'-Dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoic acid (DTNB), (2-Mercaptoethyl) trimethylammonium iodide (thiocholine iodide), 1-chloro-2,4-dinitroben zene (CDNB), reduced glutathione (GSH), Tri chloroacetic acid (TCA), Thiobarbituric acid (TBA), Tris-HCl, Diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA), buthylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) dipotassium phosphate and monopotassium phosphate, Bradford reagent and the Bovine g-globulin.