Chlorobenzene

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chlorobenzene

[‚klȯr·ō′ben‚zēn]
(organic chemistry)
C6H5Cl A colorless, mobile, volatile liquid with an almondlike odor; used to produce phenol, DDT, and aniline.

Chlorobenzene

 

a colorless liquid, with a characteristic odor and a boiling point of 131.7°C. Chlorobenzene is practically insoluble in water but is soluble in many organic solvents.

In industry chlorobenzene is produced by the catalytic chlorination of benzene, carried out at 75°–85°C using metallic iron as the catalyst. It is used in the production of phenol, 4,4′-dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), and intermediate products during the synthesis of dyes. It is also used as a solvent in laboratory work.

References in periodicals archive ?
1999) and have been found (Umschlag, Hermann 1999) to be effective for the degradation of various aromatic compounds, such as benzene, p-xylene, toluene, chlorobenzene, nitrobenzene and benzonitrile.
Oxidation of chlorobenzene with Fenton's reagent, Environmental Science and Technology 25: 777-782.
On a full year basis, excluding charges taken in the fourth quarter of 2001, Performance Products' profitability decreased $2 million versus the prior year due to losses in the chlorobenzenes product line, partially offset by lower raw material and energy costs.
To a lesser extent, lower sales volumes in the Industrial Products business negatively affected sales because of decreased demand for chlorobenzenes.
Toxicokinetics in fish: accumulation and elimination of six chlorobenzenes by guppies.
The decline in sales volume was driven primarily by two intermediates products: ammonia and chlorobenzenes.
This product purity is required for production of, and growing demand for, polyphenylene sulfide (PPS), a high performance thermoplastic used in such well-known applications as Pentium computer chip housing by Intel, BMW's thermostat holder assembly, Burndy's computer board connectors, and other high performance applications," according to Chlorobenzenes Product Manager Todd White.
VOCs not meeting inclusion criterion: 1,1,2,2- tetrachloroethane, 1,1,2-TCE, 1,1-dichloroethane, 1,1-dichloroethene, 1,2-DCB, 1,2-dichloroethane, 1,2-dichloropropane, 1,3-DCB, bromodichloromethane, bromoform, carbon tetrachloride, chlorobenzene, chloroform, cis-1,2-dichloroethene, dibromochloromethane, dibromomethane, methylene chloride, trans-1,2-dichloroethene, and trichloroethene.