Chlorobenzene

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chlorobenzene

[‚klȯr·ō′ben‚zēn]
(organic chemistry)
C6H5Cl A colorless, mobile, volatile liquid with an almondlike odor; used to produce phenol, DDT, and aniline.

Chlorobenzene

 

a colorless liquid, with a characteristic odor and a boiling point of 131.7°C. Chlorobenzene is practically insoluble in water but is soluble in many organic solvents.

In industry chlorobenzene is produced by the catalytic chlorination of benzene, carried out at 75°–85°C using metallic iron as the catalyst. It is used in the production of phenol, 4,4′-dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), and intermediate products during the synthesis of dyes. It is also used as a solvent in laboratory work.

References in periodicals archive ?
The obtained data were subjected to analysis of variance and the means of the treatments of chlorobenzenes, present in sewage sludge cultivated for different periods, were compared with the mean of the treatment of uncultivated sewage sludge at 0.
2]S and plant chlorobenzene stress tolerance remains poorly characterized, and whether or not oxidation reactions are involved in the process is not clear.
However, the markets for chlorobenzenes, except for high performance polymers are declining owing to substitution of alternative chemistry in manufacture of products such as phenol and moth control agents.
1999) and have been found (Umschlag, Hermann 1999) to be effective for the degradation of various aromatic compounds, such as benzene, p-xylene, toluene, chlorobenzene, nitrobenzene and benzonitrile.
Process wastewater containing chlorobenzene compounds used in mill operation's had been discharged into the underlying soil, groundwater, and river sediments.
lauryl mercaptans), chlorobenzenes, and sodium sulfide/sulfhydrates.
9] studied advanced oxidation of chlorobenzenes in wastewater as well as in model solutions using iron and manganese ions as heterogeneous catalysts.
This is but one example of the many studies within the Marine Chemistry Section which also cover polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls and chlorobenzenes, and inorganic components such as radio-isotopes, nutrients, mercury and other heavy metals.
Total chlorobenzenes (including HCB) concentrations did not change in Admiralty Inlet ringed seals between 1975-76 and 1983 (Muir et al.
Over the last decades large areas have been exposed, by industrial activities, to contamination by chlorobenzenes (CBs), chlorophenols (CPs), polychlorodibenzo-p-dioxins and furanes (PCDDs and PCDFs), chorinated pesticides, polychloro-biphenyls (PCBs) and the side products.
PCDDs, PCDFs, PCBs, chlorophenols (CPs) and chlorobenzenes (CBzs) in samples from various types of composting facilities in the United States.
Oliver, 'Simulation and data analysis of four chlorobenzenes in a large lake system (Lake Ontario) with Toxfate, a contaminant fate model, Modelling in Ecotoxicology', S.