Choctaw

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Choctaw

(chŏk`tô), Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Muskogean branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). They formerly occupied central and S Mississippi with some outlying groups in Alabama, Georgia, and Louisiana. Choctaw culture was similar to that of the Creek and Chickasaw, who were their enemies in repeated wars. The Choctaw economy was based on agriculture, and the Choctaw were perhaps the most competent farmers in the Southeast. Friendly toward the French colonists, the Choctaw were their allies in wars against other tribes. After being forced to cede their lands in Alabama and Mississippi, they moved (1832) to the Indian TerritoryIndian Territory,
in U.S. history, name applied to the country set aside for Native Americans by the Indian Intercourse Act (1834). In the 1820s, the federal government began moving the Five Civilized Tribes (Cherokee, Creek, Seminole, Choctaw, and Chickasaw) of the Southeast to
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 in Oklahoma, where they became one of the Five Civilized Tribes. In 1990 there were over 85,000 Choctaw in the United States, with more than half living in Oklahoma.

Bibliography

See A. Debo, The Rise and Fall of the Choctaw Republic (3d ed. 1967); A. H. DeRosier, The Removal of the Choctaw Indians (1971); W. D. Baird, Peter Pitchlynn: Chief of the Choctaws (1972); C. K. Reeves, The Choctaw Before Removal (1985).

References in periodicals archive ?
Our company recognizes the Choctaw Nation was adversely impacted by the actions of Builders Steel who influenced former Flintco employees and others to commit certain wrongdoings.
Terri Morley, the twins' single-mom, who struggled to give her girls a good education, says the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma Scholarship Advisement Program (SAP) has meant everything to her and her girls.
Satish Seemar, who operates through Millennium Stables and Zabeel Stables, is responsible for 55 of the entries including Choctaw Nation along with South African Group 1 winner Grand Emporium, the smart handicapper Momtic and Listed winner Feet So Fast, formerly a useful sprinter for Willie Musson.
Choctaw Nation finished fourth, ahead of During, Colonial Colony, El Elogiado and Night Patrol.
The database is custom-tailored for CNO students and is only accessible to SAP students and parents with verified member status in the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma.
Booths in the Potomac Atrium will allow visitors to meet and talk to award-winning beadwork artists Marcus and Roger Amerman, watercolor artist Gwen Coleman Lester, storytellers Tim Tingle and Greg Rodgers, basket-weaver Eveline Battiest-Steele, flute-maker Presley Byington and Miss Choctaw Nation, Kristie McGuire.
Coral: 11-10 Electrocutionist, 5 Brass Hat, Kane Hekili, 6 Super Frolic, 10 Magna Graduate, 14 Choctaw Nation, 22 Wilko, 25 Star King Man, 40 Chiquitin.
If undefeated Choctaw Nation can outrun Pleasantly Perfect again Sunday at Del Mar in the $1 million Pacific Classic, trainer Jeff Mullins will deserve to brag more than he did after the gelding upset the top-ranked older horse earlier this month.
Alcoa today announced that it will make available about 500 recycling bins to the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma in an effort to encourage aluminum can recycling throughout the tribe.
This summer the museum hosts the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma and the Siletz Tribe of Oregon during festivals that celebrate each community's unique music, culture, food and art.
Jeff Mullins, trainer of Choctaw Nation "He's doing everything the way we want him to, although we'll need a little luck.