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(chŏk`tô), Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Muskogean branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). They formerly occupied central and S Mississippi with some outlying groups in Alabama, Georgia, and Louisiana. Choctaw culture was similar to that of the Creek and Chickasaw, who were their enemies in repeated wars. The Choctaw economy was based on agriculture, and the Choctaw were perhaps the most competent farmers in the Southeast. Friendly toward the French colonists, the Choctaw were their allies in wars against other tribes. After being forced to cede their lands in Alabama and Mississippi, they moved (1832) to the Indian TerritoryIndian Territory,
in U.S. history, name applied to the country set aside for Native Americans by the Indian Intercourse Act (1834). In the 1820s, the federal government began moving the Five Civilized Tribes (Cherokee, Creek, Seminole, Choctaw, and Chickasaw) of the Southeast to
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 in Oklahoma, where they became one of the Five Civilized Tribes. In 1990 there were over 85,000 Choctaw in the United States, with more than half living in Oklahoma.


See A. Debo, The Rise and Fall of the Choctaw Republic (3d ed. 1967); A. H. DeRosier, The Removal of the Choctaw Indians (1971); W. D. Baird, Peter Pitchlynn: Chief of the Choctaws (1972); C. K. Reeves, The Choctaw Before Removal (1985).

References in periodicals archive ?
The Internet course also needs to be evaluated in terms of the goals of its sponsor, the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma.
Terri Morley, the twins' single-mom, who struggled to give her girls a good education, says the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma Scholarship Advisement Program (SAP) has meant everything to her and her girls.
The Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma brings the tribe's music, food, games and more to the museum Wednesday, June 22, through Saturday, June 25, during Choctaw Days.
The database is custom-tailored for CNO students and is only accessible to SAP students and parents with verified member status in the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma.
We're excited to partner with Alcoa to encourage tribe members to recycle aluminum cans," said Melissa Robinson, Director of the Environmental Office for the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma.
Pediatrician, Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma Diabetes Wellness Center; Clinical Assistant Professor, OU Children's Physicians Diabetes Center -- Heather Duvall, Program Coordinator Oklahoma Fit Kids Coalition -- Allen Knehans, Ph.
The Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma (CNO) announced today it is providing CNO students - and their parents - free online access to a unique database of scholarship and related funding opportunities that has been custom-designed for CNO members.
During the training representatives of the Creek, Potawatomi Nation, Cherokee Nation, Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma and Chickasaws received two days of intensive training on the basics of home ownership.
Last year's event was a huge success," says Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma Chief, Gregory E.
The commitments are part of agreements PMI has reached, or are awaiting final approval, with the Chickasaw Nation, the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma, Citizen Potawatomi and the Cherokee Nation.
Previous recipients include American Express, the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma, Sears, Home Depot, the State of Tennessee and the Winner School District of South Dakota.