Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.


[‚kō· lən′jīd·as]
Inflammation of the bile ducts.



(also angiocholitis), inflammation of the bile ducts owing to infection; the infection spreads into the bile ducts, in most cases, from the gallbladder, intestine, or blood vessels; less commonly, its path is through the lymphatic system. Cholestasis, or stoppage of the flow of bile, contributes to the development of the disease. Cholangitis is caused mainly by chronic inflammation of the gallbladder and the subsequent spread of the infection to the biliary tract. Cholangitis may be acute or chronic; depending on the types of changes in the ducts, it may be catarrhal or purulent. Symptoms include dyspepsia, elevated body temperature, jaundice, and changes in the composition of the blood.

References in periodicals archive ?
6,7] Clinically, patients with Caroli's disease often develop portal hypertension, fat-soluble vitamin deficiency (vitamin K in particular) and are at increased risk for intrahepatic stones and severe septic cholangitis.
2,3) Complications occurring with this approach included anastomotic strictures, calculi associated with stasis, recurrent cholangitis and most importantly, malignant disease.
In patients without dilated ducts, hepatocellular disease is the likely diagnosis; however, parenchymal liver disease or sclerosing cholangitis may prevent biliary dilatation despite obstruction being present.
MR cholangiopancreatography also continues to gain acceptance as an initial modality by which patients with suspected primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) are assessed (Figure 9).
Right hepatic lobectomy for recurrent cholangitis after bile duct and hepatic artery injury during laparoscopic cholecystectomy: report of a case.
The importance of familiarity with the patient's medical history prior to a procedure is paramount; many of these patients present with jaundice, gallstone pancreatitis, acute cholangitis, malignant biliary strictures or pancreatic cancer, which may be associated with ascites or pleural effusions.
patients who are usually not candidates for laparoscopic cholecystectomy include those with generalized peritonitis, septic shock from cholangitis, severe acute pancreatitis, end stage cirrhosis of the liver, and gallbladder cancer.
Primary sclerosing cholangitis is a disease in which the bile ducts inside and outside the liver become narrower due to inflammation and scarring.
com/research/w7lfkz/primary) has announced the addition of Global Markets Direct's new report "Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis - Pipeline Review, H2 2012" to their offering.
The 16-year-old became seriously ill when he was struck down by the illness Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis, which quickly caused permanent damage to his liver.
Addressing the hypothesis that XBP1 and ER stress may contribute to the molecular pathology of primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) via affecting cholangiocyte biology.
In his late teens Moore was diagnosed with Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis (PSC) and doctor's warned then he could well need a liver transplant in later years.