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[‚kō· lən′jīd·as]
Inflammation of the bile ducts.



(also angiocholitis), inflammation of the bile ducts owing to infection; the infection spreads into the bile ducts, in most cases, from the gallbladder, intestine, or blood vessels; less commonly, its path is through the lymphatic system. Cholestasis, or stoppage of the flow of bile, contributes to the development of the disease. Cholangitis is caused mainly by chronic inflammation of the gallbladder and the subsequent spread of the infection to the biliary tract. Cholangitis may be acute or chronic; depending on the types of changes in the ducts, it may be catarrhal or purulent. Symptoms include dyspepsia, elevated body temperature, jaundice, and changes in the composition of the blood.

References in periodicals archive ?
Clinical diagnostic criteria of IgG4-related sclerosing cholangitis 2012.
One year after the surgery, the patient experienced recurrent pancreatitis and cholangitis, for which she received repeated conservative hospital treatment (with combined antibiotic and other supportive care).
Biliary cysts complicated with cholangitis in pregnant women are an extremely rare condition.
However the incidence of cholangitis was in 3(50%) patients in the follow up period of one year duration needing admission and IV antibiotics.
Bilirubin levels, developmental assessment, pruritus and to note the episodes of cholangitis.
Acute cholangitis is an acute biliary bacterial infection, which typically occurs in the setting of obstruction.
Also periampullary diverticuli are associated with larger stones and severe cholangitis [15, 16].
In chronic phase, F hepatica can cause biliary colic, intermittent jaundice, fatty food intolerance, cholangitis, and cholecystitis.
The chapters on the liver address immunology, inborn errors of metabolism, hepatitis, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, alcoholic liver disease, primary sclerosing cholangitis, primary biliary cirrhosis, autoimmune hepatitis, amebic liver abscess, pyogenic liver abscess, hydatid cysts, leptospirosis, cirrhosis, ascites, hepatic encephalopathy, hepatocellular carcinoma, portal hypertension, hepatorenal syndrome, drug-induced liver injury, acute liver failure, biliary atresia, liver diseases in pregnancy, liver transplantation, gallstone disease, cholangiocarcinoma, acute and chronic pancreatitis, and pancreatic cancer, including information on pathogenesis, epidemiology, etiology, diagnosis, clinical features, treatment, differential diagnosis, prognosis, and other aspects.
John was diagnosed with Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis, a rare condition which affects the bile ducts and liver, in 1989.
1) The former include primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD), and drug-induced liver injury (DILI).