Chola

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Chola

(chō`lə), S Indian dynasty, whose kingdom was in what is now Tamil NaduTamil Nadu
, formerly Madras
, state (2001 provisional pop. 62,110,839), 50,180 sq mi (129,966 sq km), SE India, on the Bay of Bengal. The capital is Chennai (formerly Madras).
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. Its chief capitals were at Kanchi (Kanchipuram) and ThanjavurThanjavur
, formerly Tanjore
, city (1991 pop. 202,013), Tamil Nadu state, SE India. It is a district administrative headquarters and a rice-milling center on the Kaveri River delta, known as the "rice bowl" of Tamil Nadu.
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 (Tanjore). The Chola kingdom was one of the three of ancient Tamil tradition, but the dynasty had been virtually submerged for centuries when at the end of the 9th cent. A.D. it rose again. Under the famous rulers Rajaraja I (reigned 985–1014) and Rajendra I (reigned 1014–42) Chola power reached its zenith. The former conquered Kerala and occupied N Sri Lanka; the latter completed the conquest of Sri Lanka, invaded Bengal, and sent out a great naval expedition that occupied parts of Myanmar, Malaya, and Sumatra. For 300 years the Chola kingdom supported a flourishing social and economic life, marked by a flowering of Hindu culture. Its greatest architectural monument is an 11th-century temple at Tanjore, which was dedicated to Shiva in celebration of a military victory. By the 13th cent. the kingdom was in decline, and the dynasty ended in 1279.

Chola

 

the name of an ancient and medieval state in southern India and the dynasty that ruled the state. The capital of the state, Cholamandalam, was located in the region of Thanjavur. The state language was Tamil.

The feudal despotism of the Chola dynasty reached its height between the late tenth and early 12th centuries, when the rulers subjugated other regions of Tamil Nadu (including Panyamandalam, Tondaimandalam, and Kongumandalam) and parts of what are now Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Sri Lanka. During the same period, the economy and culture of Tamil Nadu flourished. From the 13th to 18th centuries, branches of the Chola family governed a number of small princely states in various regions of southern India.

References in periodicals archive ?
South Indian temple architecture saw great development during the reign of the Pallavas and reached its apogee under Chola and Pandya hegemony.
A dazzling army of flirtatious cholas marches in wave after wave all the way to the end of the main avenue lined by crowds in front of the stone Church of San Francisco in the city of La Paz.
The various dynasties that have ruled large regions in India include the Mauryas and the Guptas in the north and the Chalukyas, Cholas, and the Vijaynagar empires in the south.
Tamil Nadu is endowed with rich cultural heritage, especially the Tamil language and literature, temple architecture, art, and sculpture, and the three great Tamil kingdoms of the Cholas, Cheras, and Pandiyas and later the Pallavas in the northern part of the Tamil country.
The period of the imperial cholas witnessed continuous progress and refinement of the Dravidian art and architecture.
En Guadalajara se empiezan a juntar bandas cholas desde finales de la decada de los setenta, en las esquinas de buena parte de los barrios marginados de la mancha urbana; pero es a partir del primer lustro de la decada de los ochenta cuando su presencia en la ciudad se generaliza.
kingdom of the Cholas between the 8th and 11th centuries, now Tamil
Mary Weismantel Cholas and Pishtacos: Stories of Race and Sex in the Andes Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001, 326 pp.
a period when the Cholas dominated the political life of this region.
Dr TRIPATI argues that the attacks on their heartland by Emperor Asoka and then the Cholas were intended to capture the ports; but he explains that silting and other geographical changes along Orissa's coast disrupted the sailing.
A five year study found that Per S cholas Computer Technician Training graduates work more hours, earn more and are more likely to find jobs.
Chris Cholas, Senior Director, Subscriber Equipment, Time Warner Cable