Chondrilla


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Chondrilla

 

(gum succory), a genus of perennial or, less commonly, biennial herbs of the family Compositae. The stems often branch from the base and are more or less pubescent, especially in the lower part. The root system is usually massive. There are about 30 species, distributed in temperate regions of Eurasia. More than 20 species are found in the USSR, mainly in sandy areas in the steppe, semidesert, and, to a lesser extent, desert regions of Middle Asia. Many species form calluses on their roots and on the subterranean part of their stems; the calluses contain rubber, but they have no commercial significance.

REFERENCES

Il’in, M. M. “Khondrilla (Chondrilla L.).” In Kauchuk i kauchukonosnye, vol. 2. Moscow, 1953.
Leonova, T. G. “Khondrilla—Chondrilla L.” In Flora SSSR, vol. 29. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964.
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2014), showing a compatible sequence length and BLAST-based homology: the contig_524 from Chondrilla nucula (Demospongiae), the contig_4169 from Petrosia ficiformis (Demospongiae), and the comp7958_c0_seql from Aphrocallistes vastus (Hexactinellidae).
Otros generos con especies medicinales y aromaticas son: Acanthospermum, Acmella, Ageratum, Ambrosia, Anacyclus, Anaphalis, Anthemis, Arctium, Argyranthemum, Aster, Atractylis, Atractylodes, Bellis, Bidens, Blumea, Calea, Carduncellus, Carduus, Centipeda, Centromadia, Chaptalia, Chersodoma, Chondrilla, Chuquiraga, Chrysactinia, Chrysanthellum, Chrysanthemum s.
Weed Bioagent Kind of Reporting bioagent country Chondrilla Puccina Rust Australia juncea chondrillina Cyperus Bactra Shoot boring India, rotundus verutana moth Pakistan, USA Eupatorium Entyloma Plant USA riparium compositarum pathogen Hydrilla Hydrellia Shoot fly USA verticillata pakistanae Orobanche Sclerotinia Plant USA cernua sp.
Vigna MR, Briazo AE de, Curvetto RO, Lopez RL (1993) Introduccion, Colonizacion y Establecimiento de Eriophyes chondillae G Can (Acarina: Erriophydae) Agente de Control Biologico de Chondrilla juncea L.
Kuhn and, to a lesser extent, the dry aerial parts of Chondrilla juncea L.
A pesquisa demonstrou que dentre as quatro especies utilizadas (Aplysina fulva, Chondrilla nucula, Dysidea fragilis e Hymeniacidon heliophila), ocorre uma variacao em composicao quimica e massas moleculares dos PSs.
1981) reported an increase in resistance in Chondrilla juncea following successful biological control by the rust fungus Puccinia chondrillina.
In both the Poeciliopsis and Chondrilla studies there were only a small number of clones in the host populations.
chondrillina was released to control skeletonweed, Chondrilla juncea, in California.
D2 Erga T Rauschert 224 Chenopodium opulifolium D2 Ephe T Schrader (MO) 225 Chondrilla juncea L.
Especie presente (X) Especies 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 Acarnus souriei x x Amphimedon compressa x x x x x Amphimedon erina x x x x x x Agelas clathrodes x x Agelas conifera x x Anthosigmella varians x x x x x Aplysina cauliformis x x x Aplysina fistularis x x x Aplysina fulva x x x Aplysina lacunosa x Aplysilla gracilis x x Callyspongia vaginalis x x x x x x Chelonaplysilla erecta Chondrilla nucula x x x x Cinachyra alloclada x x Cinachyra sp.