chondrocyte

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chondrocyte

[′kän·drō‚sīt]
(histology)
A cartilage cell.
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Lead alters parathyroid hormone-related peptide and transforming growth factor-beta1 effects and AP-1 and NF-kappaB signaling in chondrocytes.
Autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) utilizes cultured chondrocytes to fill the defect in the articular surface.
In normal epiphyseal cartilage matrix, their distribution has been demonstrated to be mutually exclusive, even though both are expressed in epiphyseal cartilage chondrocytes.
They also tailored the cells to express green fluorescent protein only when the cells successfully became chondrocytes.
3-9) Recent experience has demonstrated that the success of fresh osteochondral allografts depends on the percentage of viable chondrocytes that remain following implantation.
Cartilage manufacture depends entirely on one type of cell, chondrocytes, and these tiny cartilage factories multiply less and less with advancing age.
Especially, the application of cultured chondrocytes as periosteal grafts has advantageous results [22].
The degenerative changes extend to the level of the perichondrium; they are associated with (1) a loss of the normal basophilia of the underlying cartilage, (2) focal fibrosis with increased cellularity, or (3) dropout of chondrocytes.
As chondrocytes mature, they differentiate further into bone and more specialized types of cartilage.