Choquequirao


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Choquequirao

[Quechua,=cradle of gold], IncaInca
, pre-Columbian empire, W South America. The name Inca may specifically refer to the emperor, but is generally used to mean the empire or the people. Extent and Organization of the Empire
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 site in Peru, about 95 mi (155 km) W of Cuzco. Lying at 9,950 ft (3,030 m), in the spurs of the Salkantay mountain range above the Apurímac River, it is similar in style and function to the better-known Machu PicchuMachu Picchu
, Inca site in Peru, about 50 mi (80 km) NW of Cuzco. It is perched high upon a rock in a narrow saddle between two sharp mountain peaks and overlooks the Urubamba River 2,000 ft (600 m) below.
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, some 30 mi (50 km) to the east. It was built by Topa Inca, or Tupac Yupanqui (reigned 1471–93), the son of Pachacuti Yupanqui, who built Machu Picchu, and by his son Huayna Capac (reigned 1493–1525). The 4,450 acre (1,800 ha) site includes large terraces for agriculture, a small rectangular temple and other government buildings, living quarters for priests and nobility around the central square, and clusters of smaller buildings for other residents. The flattened hilltop of Sunch'u Pata above the plaza was used for religious ceremonies.

The Spaniard Juan Arias Díaz was the first European to visit the site, in 1710. Other explorers rediscovered and mapped the site, but it was not until Hiram BinghamBingham, Hiram,
1875–1956, American archaeologist, historian, and statesman, b. Honolulu; son of Hiram Bingham (1831–1908). He was educated at Yale (B.A., 1898), the Univ. of California (M.A., 1900), and Harvard (M.A., 1901; Ph.D.
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, the discoverer of Machu Picchu, visited in 1909, that Choquequirao gained wider attention. Excavations at the site were begun in the 1970s, and restoration started in 1993.

References in periodicals archive ?
In December 2014-January 2015 issue, periodical ranked India's Hyderabad at second position on the list, which included cities Zermatt in Switzerland, National Mall in Washington DC, Corsica, Choquequirao in Peru, Sark in Channel Islands, Koyasan in Japan, Oklahoma City, and Maramures in Romania.
One of the main projects is to take place between the regions of Apurimac and Cuzco near the Inca ruins of Choquequirao.
Choquequirao is believed to be the last major religious center of the Inca Empire before its fall, and the well-preserved ruin complex consists of terraced fields, temples and palaces and features an advanced system of canals and aqueducts.
They encountered the same peril in Peru as they trekked through treacherous terrain to the Lost City of the Incas Choquequirao.
A Hobson's choice is also present in Toby Fenton's story of the excavation and development of the ancient and isolated Inca city of Choquequirao, which the Peruvian government hopes will become an alternative tourist destination to Machu Picchu, where the insurmountable pressure of visitors may soon render it an endangered site of cultural patrimony.
Some of the company's many trips include treks to Machu Picchu via the less traveled Salkantay route, as well as the Choquequirao Trek along the Apurimac Canyon, Lares Trek, Inca Trail trek, and its Machu Picchu Jungle Adventure, which features biking and rafting.
But if Peruvian tourism officials have their way, soon Choquequirao will be as familiar to you as the venerable Machu Picchu, its "sister city" and imperiled landmark.
The gateway to Choquequirao is the village of Cachora--a four-hour drive southwest of Cuzco, the magnificent capital of the Incas and the hub of Peru's tourist industry.
In its efforts to promote Choquequirao as a tourist destination, the Peruvian government wants to make the northern slopes of the canyon a protected zone, like the area surrounding the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu.
Nevertheless, it is a punishing climb to a small homestead called Marampata, and our first glimpse of Choquequirao.
The undulating path from Marampata to Choquequirao is too narrow to traverse safely on horseback.
Choquequirao juts out from the mountain face far enough to lay bare the entire cordillera.