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, choregraphy
1. the composition of dance steps and sequences for ballet and stage dancing
2. the steps and sequences of a ballet or dance
3. the notation representing such steps
4. the art of dancing



(1) A term originally used for the art of notating dances. The first attempts to record dances were made in the late 15th and early 16th centuries, but it was not until the late 17th and early 18th centuries that French choreographers and dance teachers, such as P. Beauchamp, R.-A. Feuillet, and P. Rameau, devised a system of dance notation, which later became widespread. The term “choreography” was introduced by the choreographer Feuillet, author of Chorégraphie ou l’arte de décrire la danse (1700). In Russia, two systems of dance notation were devised in the late 18th century: the system of F. A. Zorn (in Russian, A. Ia. Tsorn; 1889), used mainly by teachers of ballroom dances, and the system of V. I. Stepanov (1891). Stepanov’s system was used to record 27 ballets from the repertoire of the Mariinskii Theater in St. Petersburg.

(2) The art of composing dances and ballets. In this sense, the term has been used since the mid-19th century. Authors of the steps and dances in a ballet are called choreographers.

(3) The art of the dance as a whole. It is one of the oldest forms of art, whose means of expression are movements of the human body to music (seeDANCE).


Lisitsian, S. Zapis’ dvizheniia (Kinetografiia). Moscow-Leningrad, 1940.
References in periodicals archive ?
If each of these choreographers has arrived at opera through a different route, their goals remain similar: to lavish everything they know about movement on an art form in which posturing and immobility have become routine.
The choreographers of ``TooT'' and ``Noces'' were trained in classical ballet, but they prefer to express themselves through contemporary movement.
JOFFREY BALLET OF CHICAGO: This esteemed company will cook up a program comprising works by choreographer Gerald Arpino, including the world premiere of Footnotes for RJ, a tribute to the late ballet giant Robert Joffrey, who succumbed to AIDS complications in 1988.
Miami-Kaohsiung Dancing Together, Tuesday, June 15, features work by faculty, students and guest choreographers.
In the first rehearsal of Tan Dun's production of The First Emperor, which has its world premiere this season, Levy takes notes as choreographer Dou Dou Huang leads 50 dancers through a blend of martial arts and contemporary dance.
Mark Morris is more generally accepted by the establishment,'' Sefton says, comparing the two choreographers.
There are a lot of talented choreographers out there, but they haven't necessarily had the opportunities I've had.
Artistic director Gerald Arpino, who co-founded the company with the late Robert Joffrey in 1956, is a choreographer who takes risks, creating controversial ballets that reflect life in American society, its problems, strengths and popular culture.
Mills was one of 10 choreographers, four of them Portland-based, who created new pieces for the NWPDP gala and showcase.
As the ballet company's artistic director, Baryshnikov brought Tharp on board as his assistant and brought the work of more post-modern choreographers into the repertory, including Lucinda Childs, whose work will also be included in PAST Forward.
The German choreographer extracts the turbulence below the surface in the shocking opening episode, where one of Schubert's most lyrical effusions creeps in on a brutal assault inflicted by one man on another.
Choreographers Jamie King, 24, and Barry Lather, 29, whispered to each other as they watched the tryouts.