Chorion


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Related to Chorion: chorion laeve, chorion frondosum

Chorion

The outermost of the several extraembryonic membranes in amniotes (reptiles, birds, and mammals) enclosing the embryo and all of its other membranes. The chorion, or serosa, is composed of an outer layer of ectodermal cells and an inner layer of mesodermal cells, collectively the somatopleure. Both layers are continuous with the corresponding tissue of the embryo. The chorion arises in conjunction with the amnion, another membrane that forms the outer limb of the somatopleure which folds up over the embryo in reptiles, birds, and some mammals. The chorion is separated from the amnion and yolk sac by a fluid-filled space, the extraembryonic coelom, or body cavity. In those mammals in which the amnion forms by a process of cavitation in a mass of cells, instead of by folding, the chorion forms directly from the trophoblastic capsule, the extraembryonic ectoderm, which becomes gradually underlain by extraembryonic mesoderm.

In reptiles and birds the chorion fuses with another extraembryonic membrane, the allantois, to form the chorioallantois, which lies directly below the shell membranes. An extensive system of blood vessels develops in the mesoderm of this compound membrane which serves as the primary respiratory and excretory organ for gaseous interchanges. In all mammals above the marsupials, the chorion develops special fingerlike processes (chorionic villi) extending outward from its surface. To a varying degree in different species of mammals, the villous regions of the chorion come into more or less intimate contact with the uterine mucosa, or uterine lining, of the mother, thereby forming the various placental types. See Allantois, Amniota, Fetal membrane, Germ layers

Chorion

 

(1) The outermost embryonic membrane of birds, reptiles, and mammals (including human beings) that is formed in the early stages of development; also called serosa. The embryo receives oxygen from the environment through the chorion, and the embryo of mammals also receives food and eliminates metabolites and carbon dioxide through the membrane.

In birds and reptiles, the chorion fuses with the allantois to form a common chorioallantoic membrane next to the eggshell. The chorion of mammals, including humans, is covered with villi, into which the blood vessels of the embryo grow. The villi penetrate into the uterine wall, where they form the placenta.

(2) A secondary eggshell of invertebrates and some lower vertebrates.

chorion

[′kȯr·ē·än]
(embryology)
The outermost of the extraembryonic membranes of amniotes, enclosing the embryo and all of its other membranes.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the current study, the researchers prospectively examined chorion membrane samples to identify a pattern of bacterial presence and association with chorion thinning.
Our results suggest that insecticides, specifically bifenthrin, beta-cyfluthrin, and beta-cyfluthrin + acephate, may have the ability to penetrate the chorion of southern green stink bug egg masses.
Pacific Northwest that hatches from the chorion before metamorphosing, similar to what has been reported for M.
Chorion senior brand manager Esra Cafer, said: "We are thrilled that Beatrix Potter's wonderful characters can now be enjoyed in this innovative format by visually impaired and blind people.
Chorion said the little wooden boy, created by Enid Blyton in 1949, will expand into Spain and Canada as the firm boosts the character's global merchandising.
Chorion have the rights to the literary estates of crime authors Agatha Christie and Raymond Chandler, as well as the children's favourites.
During this time, the chorion of the conceptus produces an LH-like hormone called equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG).
thanks to such assets as "Noddy" and the Agatha Christie estate, Chorion (whose name, pronounced corey-on, derives from a medical term for the membrane surrounding an embryo) is making inroads in the U.
Nicholas James - chief executive of Chorion, which owns the rights to the characters - said, 'We are delighted to be working with Five to bring yet another brand with a huge British literary heritage to new audiences.
Hit Entertainment said it had undertaken due diligence on Chorion, but decided against continuing discussions with the company's board.
The surface morphology and chorion of insect eggs has been intensively studied by scanning and transmission electron microscope.
Noddy will begin appearing on Japanese satellite channels Kids Station and BS Fuji and national digital station Megaport Broadcasting in the second half of 2005, Chorion said.