Choroiditis


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Related to Choroiditis: multifocal choroiditis

choroiditis

[‚kȯr ‚ȯi′dīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the choroid.

Choroiditis

 

inflammation of the vascular coat of the eye, usually affecting the retina as well (choroidoretinitis). The most frequent cause of choroiditis is an infectious disease such as tuberculosis or toxoplasmosis. The causative agent of the infection usually penetrates the vascular coat through the bloodstream. Atrophic patches then form at the focal sites of the inflammation. Patients complain of clouded vision and often of decreased visual acuity. Ophthalmoscopy is an effective means of diagnosing choroiditis. Treatment, whether general or local, depends on the cause of the inflammation. Antibiotics may be used in the general form of treatment.

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In the acute ophthalmic phase, patients can complain of photophobia, eye pain, and decreased visual acuity and may be found to have evidence of anterior or posterior uveitis, iridocyclitis, choroiditis, and exudative retinal detachment.
Pathologic examination showed retinal detachment, eosinophilic choroiditis, and retinitis.
1,4) Bilateral phakic cystoid macular edema (CME) without choroiditis or clinically apparent ocular inflammation, to date, has not been associated with Crohn's disease.
Based on these findings, the application seeks approval of Visudyne therapy for diseases other than AMD characterized by CNV, even though the etiology of the formation of CNV is different for each disease, such as multifocal choroiditis, angioid streaks, certain retinal abnormalities, idiopathic or unknown causes, and many other rare conditions.
7,8) If there is posterior uveitis, the retina can be involved indirectly owing to the choroiditis.
Endocarditis, myocarditis, arrhythmia, berkhoffii uveitis, choroiditis, limping, splenomegaly, polyarthritis, epistaxis B.