Choroiditis


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Related to Choroiditis: multifocal choroiditis

choroiditis

[‚kȯr ‚ȯi′dīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the choroid.

Choroiditis

 

inflammation of the vascular coat of the eye, usually affecting the retina as well (choroidoretinitis). The most frequent cause of choroiditis is an infectious disease such as tuberculosis or toxoplasmosis. The causative agent of the infection usually penetrates the vascular coat through the bloodstream. Atrophic patches then form at the focal sites of the inflammation. Patients complain of clouded vision and often of decreased visual acuity. Ophthalmoscopy is an effective means of diagnosing choroiditis. Treatment, whether general or local, depends on the cause of the inflammation. Antibiotics may be used in the general form of treatment.

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the devastating course of a case of infectious MSC from the group of infectious serpiginous choroiditis.
a) Early manifestation as diffuse choroiditis (focal areas of subretinal fluid or bullous serous retinal detachment)
8) The common causes of CSCR include pregnancy, subretinal neovascularization, optic disc colobomas, diabetic retinopathy, venous occlusions and choroiditis.
Multifocal choroiditis is a rare eye disorder that predominantly affects women in their third to fifth decade.
The last visit was performed 4 months after the treatment; total visual loss associated with bilateral optic atrophy with left macular choroiditis persisted.
Intraocular pressure was 6 mmHg, and 2+ vitreous cells were observed; fundus examination revealed widespread occlusive vasculitis foci, retinal hemorrhages in the inferior and temporal quadrants, snowball opacities in the inferior, and a focus of choroiditis at 2 o'clock (Figure 1).
New onset of bilateral multifocal coccidioidomycosal choroiditis in a patient on oral fluconazole.
Inflammatory etiologies include uveitis-glaucoma-hyphema syndrome, sympathetic ophthalmia, sarcoidosis, pars planitis, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, birdshot chorioretinopathy, Behcet disease, Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease, sterile endophthalmitis, multifocal choroiditis, and acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy.
In the acute ophthalmic phase, patients can complain of photophobia, eye pain, and decreased visual acuity and may be found to have evidence of anterior or posterior uveitis, iridocyclitis, choroiditis, and exudative retinal detachment.
compared the outcomes of treatment with antituberculous therapy (ATT) and immunomodulatory therapy (IMT) in patients with serpiginous choroiditis (SC) and multifocal serpiginoid choroiditis (MSC) associated with latent tuberculosis.
c) This technique is helpful in confirming multifocal choroiditis and punctate inner choroidopathy
Choroid showed granulomatous choroiditis with occlusive vasculitis of the short posterior ciliary arteries resulting in ischaemic atrophy of the outer retina.