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the first state in the history of Korea. Because few details are given in written sources, many questions concerning the history of ancient Choson still remain unanswered.

The state of Choson emerged circa the first millennium B.C. Before the 1960’s, Choson was generally regarded as a tribal alliance on the threshold of civilization; since the 1960’s, however, scholars in the People’s Democratic Republic of Korea have regarded Choson as the first slaveholding state in Korean history. In the late second century B.C, Choson was conquered by the Han Dynasty of China. In the early part of the first millennium A.D., during the people’s struggle against the Chinese conquerors, the early feudal Korean states of Koguryo, Paekche, and Silla were formed.


Istoriia Korei, vol. 1. Moscow, 1974. Pages 25–28.
Li Chi-rin. Kochoson yon-gu. (Study of Ancient Choson). Pyongyang, 1963.
Kochoson munje yon-gu. (Study of Questions Concerning Ancient Choson). Pyongyang, 1973.



(literally, “morning beauty”; often rendered in translation as Land of the Morning Calm), one of the names of Korea. The etymology of the name remains obscure, but many authors think that the word was used to designate the east, or the direction in which the sun rises. Choson was originally the name of a tribe or of a group of tribes whose alliance gave rise to the first Korean state, also known as Choson. The name later fell into disuse, but it was revived in 1392 when the Yi dynasty was founded and gave the name “Choson” to the state; the Korean state retained the name until 1897, when it was renamed the Taehan Empire. With the formation of the People’s Democratic Republic of Korea, the name was incorporated into the official designation of the state, which is known in Korean as the Choson Minjujuui Inmin Konghwaguk.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Annals of the Choson dynasty (Choson wangjo sillok [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) adds greatly to our knowledge of the movement of books in the period after 1392, when the dynasty was founded, but for many decades most of the entries concern the Tripitaka, the canon of Buddhist scriptures.
In other words, as a Confucianized society Choson Korea's interpretation and construction of the meaning of investiture did not hurt or threaten its identity, which at least partly explains its more accommodating behavior vis-a-vis China compared with its predecessor Korean states such as Koryo or Silla.
From 1593, when Seoul was recaptured and the Choson court began to restore governance, efforts were made to search for lost texts and to make good the losses.
In early Choson (1392-1550), the generals had a military function just like other officials in the Five Guards which formed the main capital army.
Buddhism, established in the Korean peninsula in the era of the Three Kingdoms (fourth to seventh centuries), had by the end of the Choson period begun to atrophy.
In the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries the Choson Korea government designed and utilized hierarchical tribute systems far managing interactions, in particular, trade, with Japanese and Jurchen elites.
South Korea's conservative Choson Ilbo newspaper quoted an anonymous military source as identifying the two vessels as a Hainan-class 375-tonne submarine chaser and a 100-200-tonne patrol boat.
A separate report by a Japan-based media outlet affiliated with North Korea, the Choson Sinbo, said the two met for 90 minutes at the Pyongyang hospital with the Swedish ambassador present.
Hur Hwei, a Chinese living in Merida, met up with Choson [Korean] immigrants in a place close to Downtown Merida.
For the most derailed report of the day-to-day activities of the Choson army from mobilization to the final day of battle, see Yi Minhwan, Chaamjip.
These wares came to flourish around the mid Choson period, approximately from the second half of the 16th to the first half of the 18th century, while some continued to be made up to the end of the dynasty.
The first goal for us is to make it to the quarter-finals," Kim told the Tokyo-based newspaper Choson Sinbo.