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the first state in the history of Korea. Because few details are given in written sources, many questions concerning the history of ancient Choson still remain unanswered.

The state of Choson emerged circa the first millennium B.C. Before the 1960’s, Choson was generally regarded as a tribal alliance on the threshold of civilization; since the 1960’s, however, scholars in the People’s Democratic Republic of Korea have regarded Choson as the first slaveholding state in Korean history. In the late second century B.C, Choson was conquered by the Han Dynasty of China. In the early part of the first millennium A.D., during the people’s struggle against the Chinese conquerors, the early feudal Korean states of Koguryo, Paekche, and Silla were formed.


Istoriia Korei, vol. 1. Moscow, 1974. Pages 25–28.
Li Chi-rin. Kochoson yon-gu. (Study of Ancient Choson). Pyongyang, 1963.
Kochoson munje yon-gu. (Study of Questions Concerning Ancient Choson). Pyongyang, 1973.



(literally, “morning beauty”; often rendered in translation as Land of the Morning Calm), one of the names of Korea. The etymology of the name remains obscure, but many authors think that the word was used to designate the east, or the direction in which the sun rises. Choson was originally the name of a tribe or of a group of tribes whose alliance gave rise to the first Korean state, also known as Choson. The name later fell into disuse, but it was revived in 1392 when the Yi dynasty was founded and gave the name “Choson” to the state; the Korean state retained the name until 1897, when it was renamed the Taehan Empire. With the formation of the People’s Democratic Republic of Korea, the name was incorporated into the official designation of the state, which is known in Korean as the Choson Minjujuui Inmin Konghwaguk.

References in periodicals archive ?
It occurs to me that the monochrome period of white porcelain ware that is representative of the Choson period, corresponds with Minimalism in modern art.
Under the court administration of the Choson dynasty, the patrilineal clan system was strictly stipulated as the regular practice for both aristocrats and common peasants.
Changed political circumstances had predisposed Choson rulers to be more receptive to foreign influences.
Under the Choson dynasty's rampant suppression of Buddhism in favor of Confucianism, construction of temples declined drastically and Confucian shrines and private and public Confucian academies flourished.
In the 1930s the Tumen divided colonial Choson from newly Soviet Russia and from the Imperial Japanese territory of Manchukuo/Manchuria.
This polemical implication of the term samch'o chonsim that Chiom and Hyujong suggested in their sequential enumeration of the term and a doctrinal taxonomy went on to be articulated explicitly by the late Choson Son master Paekp'a.
Once the ruling elites of Choson Korea internalized neo-Confucianism, the granting and seeking of investiture on both sides was not only a way of signaling their commitment to the status quo, but also a medium of negative soft power through which the stronger side was able to change the status quo to its favor using the symbolic power of Confucian morality.
The igure plots the number of times South Korea is mentioned in the People's Daily, by two names: "South Choson," as preferred by the North; and "Hanguk," as preferred by the South.
The book argues that the collapse of the traditional Confucian polity and agrarian order at the end of the Choson Dynasty [1392-1910], coupled with the arrival of full-scale capitalism during the Japanese colonial era [1910-1945], transformed social and economic relationships that contributed to a disordered world for peasant farmers.
She covers local botanicals, or jyangyak: the correct name of herb and self; eastern medicine, or tongui: imaging a place for medical innovation; Choson Koreans: the colonial identification of the local; lifesaving water: managing the indigenous for medical advertising; and fire illness, or hwabyong.
China intervened in 1592, when Japan prepared to attack the Ming Dynasty by first subduing Choson Dynasty Korea.
Taken together, his charts and explanations provide a virtual encyclopedia on Korea's development from the Choson dynasty to the present.