Chou En-lai

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Chou En-lai:

see Zhou EnlaiZhou Enlai
or Chou En-lai
, 1898–1976, Chinese Communist leader. A member of a noted Mandarin family, he was educated at an American-supported school in China and a university in Japan. His involvement in radical movements led to several months imprisonment.
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Chou En-Lai


Born Mar. 5, 1898, in Shaohsing District, Chekiang Province; died Jan. 8, 1976, in Peking. Chinese state and political figure.

Chou En-lai was the son of a landowner. As a student at Nank’ai University in Tientsin he took part in the anti-imperialist May Fourth Movement in 1919. From 1920 to 1924 he worked and studied in France and Germany. In 1922 he joined the Communist Party of China (CPC). From 1924 to 1926 he was head of the political department of the Whampoa Military Academy and head of the political department of the I Corps of the National Revolutionary Army.

In 1927, Chou became a member of the Central Committee of the CPC and helped organize and lead the Nanch’ang Uprising. In August of that year he became a candidate member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPC, and in 1928, at the Sixth Congress of the Comintern, he was elected a candidate member of the Executive Committee of the Communist International. From 1927 to 1930, Chou was head of the organizational department of the Central Committee of the CPC, and from 1931 to 1934 he headed the Central Committee’s bureau for the Central Soviet Region. From 1934 to 1956 he was a secretary of the Central Committee.

In 1934 and 1935, Chou was a leader of the Long March. In 1935, at the Seventh Congress of the Comintern, he was elected a member of the Executive Committee of the Communist International. From 1937 to 1945 he was chairman of the Central Committee of the CPC in the Kuomintang Government, which was located first in Nanking and later in Chungking.

From 1949 to 1954, Chou was premier of the State Administrative Council of the People’s Republic of China (PRC), and from 1949 to 1958 he served as foreign minister of the PRC. He became premier of the State Council of the PRC in 1954 and a member of the Standing Committee of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPC in 1956. He was vice-chairman of the Central Committee of the CPC from 1956 to 1966 and from 1973 until his death.

Chou delivered the political report of the Central Committee of the CPC to the Tenth Congress of the CPC in 1973 and the report on the work of the government at the 1975 session of the National People’s Congress; on both occasions he called for Maoist principles in the domestic and foreign policy of the Chinese leadership.


Chou En-lai

, Zhou En Lai
1898--1976, Chinese Communist statesman; foreign minister of the People's Republic of China (1949--58) and premier (1949--76)
References in periodicals archive ?
It must have been publicized in Canada, but I had forgotten, that Chou En-lai praised Doctor Norman Bethune to Canadian table tennis players in the famous visit of international teams, importantly including that of the U.
The Chinese Communist Party's Central Archive Research Institute published the Chou En-lai Chronology in 1989, but Yang found the above telegraph message only recently.
This came with the Cultural Revolution, his great purge, which he launched in 1966 with the support of Defense Minister Lin Biao and premier Chou En-lai.
When Mao and Chou En-lai prepared for the Long March, they drew up a list of party officers they rated as unreliable.
My father had the honour to meet Mao Zedong and Premier Chou En-Lai when he visited China in 1956, said the Prime Minister.
President Richard Nixon and Premier Chou En-lai raised glasses of 1969 Schramsberg Blanc de Blancs during the "Toast to Peace" in China in 1972.
But she once sat quiet and motionless for four hours while Denis conversed with the 75-year-old Chou En-lai, frightened to "break the spell".
Even if produced, the judgement would be as non-committal as that of Chou En-lai when asked whether the French Revolution was a success, 'Too soon to tell'.
And the Shah of Iran gave Richard Nixon a tray made of 22-karat gold, while the Chinese Prime Minister Chou En-Lai gave Nixon a jade flask in 1972.
And that discovery really freed us up to look at the characters of Richard Nixon and Chou en-Lai on a much broader scale.
But baritone Russell Braun--Frankfurt-born, Toronto-based--seems unfazed by numbers as he tackles in rapid succession two very different firsts, and two live HD transmissions, at New York's "big house": Chou En-lai in John Adams's grand-operatic Nixon in China and Olivier in Richard Strauss's intimate "conversation piece," Capriccio.