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Christchurch,city (1996 pop. 309,027), E South Island, New Zealand, on the Avon River. It is the third largest city in New Zealand and the commercial center of the productive Canterbury Plains. Industries include food processing, meatpacking, woolens manufacturing, aquaculture, software development, and electronics; tourism is also important. Lyttelton, nearby, is the port for Christchurch. Perhaps the most English of New Zealand's cities, Christchurch was founded in 1850 and has such landmarks as Hagley Park and the Anglican and Roman Catholic cathedrals (both damaged severely in 2011). Nicknamed "Garden City of the Plains," it is also distinguished by its many public parks and botanical gardens. The Univ. of Canterbury (est. 1873) is in suburban Ilam. The city suffered severe and widespread damage from earthquakes in 2010 and 2011.
Christchurch,town and borough (2011 pop. 47,752), Dorset, S central England, on Christchurch Bay at the confluence of the Avon and Stour rivers. The city's industries range from aircraft manufacturing to salmon fishing. Christchurch is also a resort. Its history dates back to Anglo-Saxon times; its name derives from the church that was part of the Augustinian priory founded there before the Norman conquest of England.
a city in New Zealand on the eastern coast of South Island. Population, 165,000 (1971). It is a highway and railroad junction; its port is Lyttelton.
An important industrial center, Christchurch has machine-building (primarily transport), chemical, metallurgical, and tex-tile industries. There is also woodworking and processing of the products from the surrounding agricultural region—a slaughter-house and refrigeration plant, wool-scouring mills, and vegetable, fruit, and meat canneries. Christchurch has railroad workshops. There is a university, with an agricultural college attached to it.