Christian Church


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Christian Church (Disciples of Christ),

sometimes called Campbellites, a Protestant religious body founded early in the 19th cent. in the United States. Its primary thesis is that the Bible alone should form the basis for faith and conduct, each individual interpreting the Bible for himself or herself. Thomas CampbellCampbell, Thomas,
1763–1854, American clergyman, a founder of the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). See Campbell, Alexander, his more famous son.
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, preaching in W Pennsylvania, was censured by his presbytery for trying to gather into the church scattered groups of Christians. He made a plea for unity among all Christians with no other platform than the primitive and simple gospel. In 1809 he formed the Christian Association of Washington, Pa., but neither he nor his son Alexander CampbellCampbell, Alexander,
1788–1866, clergyman, cofounder with his father, Thomas Campbell, 1763–1854, of the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). Of Scottish lineage, both were born in Ireland and educated at the Univ. of Glasgow.
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, who joined him in the work, desired that a new denomination should be established. An independent church was built (1811) at Brush Run, Pa., with Alexander as the minister. The movement expanded rapidly. Another minister, Barton Warren Stone, had also broken away from the Presbyterian Church and formed a church whose members were known as "Christians." Similar separatist groups seceded, under the leadership of James O'Kelley, from the Methodist Church in North Carolina and, under Abner Jones and Elias Smith, from some of the Baptist churches in New England. Both Stone and Alexander Campbell had adopted immersion, and this brought them for a time into sympathetic relations with the Baptists. In 1832 practically all of Stone's group and many from the other two branches united with the "Disciples" led by Campbell. The remainder of the "Christians," who were subsequently organized as the Christian Church, merged (1931) with the Congregational Church (see CongregationalismCongregationalism,
type of Protestant church organization in which each congregation, or local church, has free control of its own affairs. The underlying principle is that each local congregation has as its head Jesus alone and that the relations of the various congregations
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). The merged "Disciples" and "Christians" developed strongly and rapidly after the Civil War, particularly in the central and western states, and missionary labors have extended the church throughout the world. A separation into two churches took place in 1906 because of a dispute over the use of instrumental music at the church service; the progressive group, which allowed it, became known as the Disciples of Christ, while the conservatives, who dissented, were organized as Churches of ChristChurches of Christ,
conservative body of evangelical Protestants in the United States. Its founders were originally members of what is now the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) who gradually withdrew from that body following the Civil War.
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. In 1968 the Disciples of Christ reorganized as the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). Membership in the church is c.850,000 worldwide (1999).

Bibliography

See W. E. Garrison and A. T. DeGroot, The Disciples of Christ, a History (rev. ed. 1958, repr. 1964); L. Cochran, Captives of the Word (1969).

References in periodicals archive ?
Simalungun Protestant Christian Church (GKPS) [Indonesia]
Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) beliefs include offering weekly Communion for all Christians and baptism by immersion.
The Christian Church is one of the largest Protestant bodies founded in this country.
Knowing our membership, the enthusiastic response does not surprise me," said Russ Ewell lead minister at the Bay Area Christian Church.
He married Sharon Kay Tuthill on July 12, 1963 at the Tamaroa Christian Church and she survives.
Amy Piatt, senior pastor is at First Christian Church Portland, also the originator of Beer and Hymns, said that in this postmodern age, what it means to attend church is changing.
8220;We are honored to have been selected by World Overcomers Christian Church, an organization that serves such a large group of people in the Triangle, as its public relations agency of record,” said Briguglio.
Louise Sloan Goben from First Christian Church in North Hollywood.
Guiding readers through Luther's influence and timely contributions to the Christian church, Biography and author Professor Waibel deftly delves into the remarkable persistence, substantial successes, ideas and idealism of Martin Luther's challenges to Roman Catholic excesses.
BOSTON -- Jubilee Christian Church, an evangelical congregation of about 7,000, has purchased Our Lady of the Rosary Catholic Church in Stoughton, Massachusetts for $3 million, according to the Boston Globe.
Sharon Watkins, general minister and president of the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ), said the letter was not intended to undermine U.
Though intended especially for Presbyterians, Church History 101: An Introduction for Presbyterians is a solid, well-researched overview of the history of the Christian church from the era when Jesus Christ walked the earth to the present.

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