Christian Church

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Christian Church (Disciples of Christ),

sometimes called Campbellites, a Protestant religious body founded early in the 19th cent. in the United States. Its primary thesis is that the Bible alone should form the basis for faith and conduct, each individual interpreting the Bible for himself or herself. Thomas CampbellCampbell, Thomas,
1763–1854, American clergyman, a founder of the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). See Campbell, Alexander, his more famous son.
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, preaching in W Pennsylvania, was censured by his presbytery for trying to gather into the church scattered groups of Christians. He made a plea for unity among all Christians with no other platform than the primitive and simple gospel. In 1809 he formed the Christian Association of Washington, Pa., but neither he nor his son Alexander CampbellCampbell, Alexander,
1788–1866, clergyman, cofounder with his father, Thomas Campbell, 1763–1854, of the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). Of Scottish lineage, both were born in Ireland and educated at the Univ. of Glasgow.
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, who joined him in the work, desired that a new denomination should be established. An independent church was built (1811) at Brush Run, Pa., with Alexander as the minister. The movement expanded rapidly. Another minister, Barton Warren Stone, had also broken away from the Presbyterian Church and formed a church whose members were known as "Christians." Similar separatist groups seceded, under the leadership of James O'Kelley, from the Methodist Church in North Carolina and, under Abner Jones and Elias Smith, from some of the Baptist churches in New England. Both Stone and Alexander Campbell had adopted immersion, and this brought them for a time into sympathetic relations with the Baptists. In 1832 practically all of Stone's group and many from the other two branches united with the "Disciples" led by Campbell. The remainder of the "Christians," who were subsequently organized as the Christian Church, merged (1931) with the Congregational Church (see CongregationalismCongregationalism,
type of Protestant church organization in which each congregation, or local church, has free control of its own affairs. The underlying principle is that each local congregation has as its head Jesus alone and that the relations of the various congregations
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). The merged "Disciples" and "Christians" developed strongly and rapidly after the Civil War, particularly in the central and western states, and missionary labors have extended the church throughout the world. A separation into two churches took place in 1906 because of a dispute over the use of instrumental music at the church service; the progressive group, which allowed it, became known as the Disciples of Christ, while the conservatives, who dissented, were organized as Churches of ChristChurches of Christ,
conservative body of evangelical Protestants in the United States. Its founders were originally members of what is now the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) who gradually withdrew from that body following the Civil War.
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. In 1968 the Disciples of Christ reorganized as the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). Membership in the church is c.850,000 worldwide (1999).


See W. E. Garrison and A. T. DeGroot, The Disciples of Christ, a History (rev. ed. 1958, repr. 1964); L. Cochran, Captives of the Word (1969).

References in periodicals archive ?
Joseph Garofalo, Island Christian Church, 631-822-3000, joseph.
Simalungun Protestant Christian Church (GKPS) [Indonesia]
today, The Little White Chapel, Christian Church (Disciples of Christ), 1711 N.
Most are identified by names such as First Christian Church, Bethany Christian Church or Clark Street Christian Church--but you can't be sure that all the "Christian Churches" in your town are affiliated with the Disciples.
I'm astonished by the willingness of the Bay Area Christian Church to give," said Chris Hawkes, Santa Clara Social Services.
BEIJING -- Two government officials chat behind a model of a new Christian church before they present the project to journalists.
Matt Trewhella of Mercy Seat Christian Church in Milwaukee and leader of a group called Missionaries to the Pre-Born.
However, Jews who wish of their own free will to join the Christian church could, as Jewish Christians within the Christian church, keep alive the rich Jewish heritage within Christianity inside the Gentile Christian church.
Home for Christmas" is the series title for the Island Christian Church of Northport messages for this December.
TUJUNGA - Connecting the disconnected has been the forte of the congregation at Community Christian Church of the Foothills since it was founded in 1965.
Pastor Telchin reveals Messianic Judaism as a divisive movement within the Christian community, as ineffective in proselytizing Jews, and reiterates God's intention for the Christian Church to serve as "one new man" and as an advocate for unity among the body of believers in Christ.
Like legions of my gay and lesbian brethren, we have simply sought other systems of faith and belief--ones that are not shackled to the homophobia of the Christian church.

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