Christian Church

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Christian Church (Disciples of Christ),

sometimes called Campbellites, a Protestant religious body founded early in the 19th cent. in the United States. Its primary thesis is that the Bible alone should form the basis for faith and conduct, each individual interpreting the Bible for himself or herself. Thomas CampbellCampbell, Thomas,
1763–1854, American clergyman, a founder of the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). See Campbell, Alexander, his more famous son.
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, preaching in W Pennsylvania, was censured by his presbytery for trying to gather into the church scattered groups of Christians. He made a plea for unity among all Christians with no other platform than the primitive and simple gospel. In 1809 he formed the Christian Association of Washington, Pa., but neither he nor his son Alexander CampbellCampbell, Alexander,
1788–1866, clergyman, cofounder with his father, Thomas Campbell, 1763–1854, of the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). Of Scottish lineage, both were born in Ireland and educated at the Univ. of Glasgow.
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, who joined him in the work, desired that a new denomination should be established. An independent church was built (1811) at Brush Run, Pa., with Alexander as the minister. The movement expanded rapidly. Another minister, Barton Warren Stone, had also broken away from the Presbyterian Church and formed a church whose members were known as "Christians." Similar separatist groups seceded, under the leadership of James O'Kelley, from the Methodist Church in North Carolina and, under Abner Jones and Elias Smith, from some of the Baptist churches in New England. Both Stone and Alexander Campbell had adopted immersion, and this brought them for a time into sympathetic relations with the Baptists. In 1832 practically all of Stone's group and many from the other two branches united with the "Disciples" led by Campbell. The remainder of the "Christians," who were subsequently organized as the Christian Church, merged (1931) with the Congregational Church (see CongregationalismCongregationalism,
type of Protestant church organization in which each congregation, or local church, has free control of its own affairs. The underlying principle is that each local congregation has as its head Jesus alone and that the relations of the various congregations
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). The merged "Disciples" and "Christians" developed strongly and rapidly after the Civil War, particularly in the central and western states, and missionary labors have extended the church throughout the world. A separation into two churches took place in 1906 because of a dispute over the use of instrumental music at the church service; the progressive group, which allowed it, became known as the Disciples of Christ, while the conservatives, who dissented, were organized as Churches of ChristChurches of Christ,
conservative body of evangelical Protestants in the United States. Its founders were originally members of what is now the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) who gradually withdrew from that body following the Civil War.
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. In 1968 the Disciples of Christ reorganized as the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). Membership in the church is c.850,000 worldwide (1999).

Bibliography

See W. E. Garrison and A. T. DeGroot, The Disciples of Christ, a History (rev. ed. 1958, repr. 1964); L. Cochran, Captives of the Word (1969).

References in periodicals archive ?
Christian churches that involve ethnic minorities, chiefly the Armenians.
The legislation specifically calls the US Secretary to record all Christian churches, places of worship and other church properties, including movable assets, such as works of art and objects from Turkey and areas of the Republic of Cyprus under military occupation by Turkey and that have been claimed as stolen, confiscated or illegally removed from the owners of Christian churches.
It is possible that the Christian churches are motivated by their historical hostility towards the Jews whom they hold responsible for the crucifixion of Christ, according to the account of the New Testament.
In recent years, the number of attacks on Christian churches seen as the focus for conversion activity -- in Pakistan, Egypt, India, Indonesia and other countries -- has risen and many Christian believers have died as a result.
That is because the book repeats the worn-out cliche that the Catholic Church, and Christian churches in general, hate, oppress, and exploit women.
He reminds us of the historical churches of the global South such as the Ethiopian church and that these and other newer Christian churches are growing exponentially.
At night the students join together in prayer and song and even attend worship services at one of the local Christian churches.
It seemed logical enough to discuss the different responses of the Christian churches to same-sex relations at the end of the section on Christianity.
For the Christian Churches in the region--especially in and around the Christian holy places in Jerusalem, Bethlehem and Nazareth--this represents a peculiar threat of degradation to the role of the museums and/or tourist places without the local faithful and their warmth and protection.
The proposal for what is provisionally called Christian Churches Together in the U.
Hope Christian Church, a modern, Pentecostal church, is being run by minister John Quintanilla, of the International Federation of Christian Churches.
Russell begins his discussion by citing the recent (1988) schism from the Roman Catholic Church by the French Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre as an example of the alienation of contemporary Europeans from a religious institution which has consciously sought to de-ethnicize itself from its European roots, and ends it with the observation that the "disassociation" of Christian churches from their European "heritage" may account for the disassociation of many Europeans from those churches and "possibly from Christianity itself.

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