Christian Coalition


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Christian Coalition,

organization founded to advance the agenda of political and social conservatives, mostly comprised of evangelical Protestant Republicans, and to preserve what it deems traditional American values. It was established (1989) by Pat RobertsonRobertson, Pat
(Marion Gordon Robertson), 1930–, American evangelist and politician, b. Lexington, Va. The son of U.S. Senator A. Willis Robertson, he is a graduate of Yale Law School and an ordained Southern Baptist minister.
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 after he failed to win the 1988 Republican presidential nomination. Based in Chesapeake, Va., the group has about 2 million members and some 2,000 local chapters in 50 states. It lobbies in support of traditional religious and family values, market capitalism, and school choice and prayer and opposes secular influence in the United States, abortion, and gun control. The organization, which, through wide dissemination of voter guides, has supported some political candidates and opposed others, was very influential during the 1990s under the leadership (1989–97) of executive director Ralph Reed. By 1999, however, when Robertson assumed a more active role in the group's direction, its membership was dropping, debts mounting, and influence waning. That same year the Coalition lost its tax-exempt status and divided into two parts: the Christian Coalition International, its taxable political arm, and the Christian Coalition of America, tax-exempt and concentrating on voter education. Robertson resigned as the group's president in 2001.

Bibliography

See J. Watson, The Christian Coalition: Dreams of Restoration, Demands for Recognition (1997).

References in periodicals archive ?
The Christian Coalition responded by forming a new Alabama chapter.
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Robertson's remarks seriously damage his claims that the Christian Coalition is a nonpolitical religious organization.
The gathering, organized by Phyllis Schlafly, brought together members of the Christian Coalition and the Buchanan campaign for a victory celebration.
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For the last year, Ralph Reed, executive director of the Christian Coalition, has been trying to change the organization's image.
Christy noted that because of its success with grassroots activists, the Christian Coalition has made a huge difference in Washington and in state legislatures.

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