Christian Dietrich Grabbe


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Grabbe, Christian Dietrich

 

Born Dec. 11, 1801, in Detmold; died there Sept. 12, 1836. German writer.

Grabbe was the son of a prison warden. He studied law at the Universities of Leipzig and Berlin. His first works were the tragedy Duke Theodor von Gothland (written in 1822 and published in 1827), the comedy Farces, Satire, Irony, and Deeper Meaning (published in 1827), and the tragedy Don Juan and Faust (1829). In his tragedies from the unfinished Hohenstaufen cycle, Emperor Friedrich Barbarossa (1829) and Emperor Heinrich VI (1830), and also in his drama Napoleon, or the Hundred Days (1831), Grabbe showed the influence exerted by the masses of people on the fate of his protagonist. His last dramas, Hannibal (1835) and The Herman Battle (1836), portray the ordinary people’s love of freedom in a heroic light, but the conflicts in these dramas always remain tragically undecided. The realistic elements in his work are combined with romantic conventionality.

WORKS

Sämtliche Werke, vols. 1–6. Berlin, 1912.
Werke und Briefe, vols. 1. 3. Darmstadt, 1960–61. (Uncompleted edition.)
Dramatische Dichtungen, vols. 1–3. Berlin. 1944.

REFERENCES

Mehring. F. Literaturno-kriticheskie stat’i, vol. 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1934. Pages 24–32.
Lundberg, E. “Khristian Grabbe.” Internatsional’naia literatura, 1936. no. 12.
Reiman.P. Osnovnye techeniia v nemetskoi literature, 1750–1848. Moscow, 1959.
Bergmann, A. Chr. D. Grabbe. Detmold, 1954.
Böttger, F. Grabbe. Berlin, 1963.
Steffens, W. Chr. D. Grabbe [Hannover, 1966.]

E. IA. RUBINOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Regarding Christian Dietrich Grabbe as the most important practitioner of the genre, he reviews all of Grabbe s historical plays, but he places the greatest emphasis on Marius und Sulla, Die Hohenstaufen, Napoleon oder die hundert Tage, and Hannibal.
Priesdy, German Drama, and Christian Dietrich Grabbe, he has also published highly regarded translations of texts by Nietzsche, Weininger, Bela Zsolt, and Alphons Silbermann.
The alcoholic fantasies of Christian Dietrich Grabbe, especially in his Don Juan und Faust (1829), as well as most of the tales of E.
Case in point: While long-term excessive alcohol use as well as the sudden cessation of such intake are likely to produce a host of physiological as well as psychological symptoms (including severe hallucinations potentially culminating in quasi-religious experiences), attempting to determine to which degree such chemical abuse influenced, for instance, the mental state of writers like deeply conflicted Christian Dietrich Grabbe or schizoid E.
Richard Cardwell's essay focuses on Byron's influence on Jose de Espronceda; Shona Allan examines the Byronic influence (as well as the Goethean) on the German-speaking Christian Dietrich Grabbe and Nikolaus Lenau; David Herbert writes of Sophia Hyatt, who is said to have haunted Newstead Abbey from the time of her death in 1825; and Cristina Ceron writes of the differing impressions that Byron's heroes left on Emily and Charlotte Bronte's respective creations, Heathcliff and Rochester.
In a similar vein, Allan examines the "potentially Byronic and/or Gothic German ghosts in the Juans and Fausts created by Christian Dietrich Grabbe and Nikolaus Lenau" (145).
3) See Christian Dietrich Grabbe, * Uber die Shakspearo-Manie (1827), in Werke und Briefe, ed.
23) Christian Dietrich Grabbe, Scherz, Satire, Ironie und tiefere Bedeutung: Ein Lustspiel in drei Aufzugen, with an afterword and notes by Alfred Bergmann (Stuttgart: Reclam, 1978).
Nearly two hundred years after the death of Christian Dietrich Grabbe in 1836 at the age of 35--a death precipitated by excessive drinking, a disastrous marriage, and financial troubles--the most memorable comments on his life and work are still those of his contemporary, Heinrich Heine.
His earlier monographs include a volume on Christian Dietrich Grabbe in the Sammlung Metzler (1996).
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