Christian Friedrich Daniel Schubart


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Schubart, Christian Friedrich Daniel

 

Born Mar. 24,1739, in Obersontheim; died Oct. 10,1791, in Stuttgart. German journalist and poet.

Schubart was the son of the village choir leader and organist. He traveled widely and held a variety of jobs. His newspaper Deutsche Chronik (1774–77) won enormous popularity; taking democratic positions, it exposed feudal customs in Germany and helped spread the ideals of the Enlightenment. At the order of the duke of Württemberg, Schubart was confined to a fortress for 10 years. Freed in response to public protest, he continued his militant journalistic activity by publishing the journals Schubarts vaterländische Chronik (1787), Vaterlandschronik (1788–89), and Die Chronik (1790–91).

Schubart’s poetry developed in the Sturm und Drang tradition. His mature verses, such as “The Masters’ Grave” (1780), “The Poor Soldier” (1783), and “Song of the Cape of Good Hope” (1787), contain elements of social criticism; they constitute one of the earliest examples of the political German lyric poem. Schubart enthusiastically welcomed the French Revolution.

WORKS

Sämtliche Gedichte, vols. 1–2. Stuttgart, 1785–86.
Werke, 3rd ed. Berlin-Weimar, 1965.
In Russian translation:
In Nemetskie demokraty XVIII v.: Shubart, Forster, Zeime. Moscow, 1956.

REFERENCES

Neustroev, V. P. “Shubart.” In his book Nemetskaia literatura epokhi Prosveshcheniia. Moscow, 1959.
Schairer, E. Chr. Fr. D. Schubart als politischer Journalist. Tübingen, 1914.
Keppler, U. Botschaft eines trunkenen Lebens. Stuttgart, 1972.

A. A. GUGNIN

References in periodicals archive ?
Marx, theorist, composer, and personal friend of Felix Mendelssohn; by Christian Friedrich Daniel Schubart, poet, composer and journalist; by Johann Friedrich Reichardt, composer and journalist; by Giovanni Pacini, leading opera composer.
He discusses the evidence that Beethoven understood and used key characteristics, including his personal views and his familiarity of the views of others, including Johann Mattheson, Johann Philipp Kirnberger, Johann George Sulzer, Christian Friedrich Daniel Schubart, Anton Reicha, and Carl Czerny; keys commonly and less frequently used by Beethoven and their affective characteristics, with lists of examples by Beethoven and other composers; the tonal symbolism in his solo songs, as well as modulations in them; and case studies of his concert aria oAh
The political journalist Christian Friedrich Daniel Schubart wrote obsessively against Gassner in his Deutsche Chronik.
Against such objection was the famous testimony of Charles Burney, the admiration of Christian Friedrich Daniel Schubart, and others who s aw in Bach's fantasias a level of learning and inspiration that, in the words of Carl Friedrich Cramer, editor of the Magazin der Musik, left "the greatest virtuosos .
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