Christian Thomasius


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Thomasius, Christian

 

Born Jan. 1, 1655, in Leipzig; died Sept. 23, 1728, in Halle. German jurist, Enlightenment philosopher, and educator; proponent of natural law.

Thomasius taught at the universities of Leipzig and Halle. In 1688 he founded the first scientific journal in the German language. Thomasius believed that the law’s immediate task was to free the state from the influence of religion and to render secular knowledge independent of theology and medieval Scholasticism. He was among the first to point out the distinction between morality and law and held that the observance of law should be ensured by the state. His principal work was Fundamenta iuris naturae et gentium (1705).

References in periodicals archive ?
Wolff did not therefore follow the voluntarist tradition of natural law, which was characteristic of Germany's two other famous natural jurists of the early Enlightenment--Samuel Pufendorf and Christian Thomasius.
Essa realidade propicia facilitou a ampla aceitacao de trabalhos como os de Christian Thomasius.
Ian Hunter has a chapter on the uses of natural law in early modern Germany (concentrating on Christian Thomasius (1655--1728), who suffered much criticism from his home University of Leipzig).
Chapter one offers a short preliminary discussion of Kant's project, while chapter two gives an excellent survey of its cultural and philosophical context, demonstrating to what extent Kant was indebted not only to well-known figures like Newton, Leibniz and Wolff, but also to unjustly ignored ones, such as Christian Thomasius, Alexander Baumgarten and Martin Knutzen (Christian August Crusius should be added here).
wrote, another natural law theorist, Christian Thomasius (16551728),
Natural law is necessarily denied by every form of skepticism and agnosticism as for instance developed by Christian Thomasius (1655-1728).
Here, the Hobbesian story of the sovereignty pact and the realist historiography of secular sovereignty as a solution to religious civil war were powerfully elaborated by political jurists such as Samuel Pufendorf and Christian Thomasius.
10) In Germany, gallantry's most perceptive theorist was no doubt lawyer, publicist, and philosopher Christian Thomasius.
He also relied on enlightened Protestant criticism such as that of Balthasar Bekker, Christian Thomasius, Peter Eberhard, and Johann David Michaelis.
Religion and the Origins of the German Enlightenment: Faith and the Reform of Learning in the Thought of Christian Thomasius.
Here, however, it plays no part: the name of Erasmus is not even mentioned, and Christian Thomasius and Friedrich Christian Bucher (neither of them mentioned in Busch's list of sources) are the earliest German authors to be drawn to our attention in the understandably somewhat unfocused chapter in which he sets about the complex task of tracing the origins of the 'laugh' motif.
Estas empresas fueron realizacion tardia, y quiza fue Christian Thomasius el primero que las inicio, de forma oblicua, sin hacer de la claridad un arma.
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