Christian art and architecture

Christian art and architecture:

see especially the survey articles on Early Christian art and architectureEarly Christian art and architecture,
works of art exhibiting Christian themes and structures designed for Christian worship created relatively soon after the death of Jesus. Most date from the 4th to the 6th cent. A.D. See also Christian iconography under iconography.
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, Byzantine art and architectureByzantine art and architecture,
works of art and structures works produced in the city of Byzantium after Constantine made it the capital of the Roman Empire (A.D. 330) and the work done under Byzantine influence, as in Venice, Ravenna, Norman Sicily, as well as in Syria,
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, Coptic artCoptic art,
Christian art in the upper Nile valley of Egypt. Reaching its mature phase in the late 5th and 6th cent., the development of Coptic art was interrupted by the Arab conquest of Egypt between 640 and 642.
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, Merovingian art and architectureMerovingian art and architecture
. This period is named for Merovech, the founder of the first Germanic-Frankish dynasty (c.A.D. 500–A.D. 751). The Merovingian period was marked by the gradual decline of the classical tradition and by the absorption of a radically new
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, Carolingian architecture and artCarolingian architecture and art,
art forms and structures created by the Carolingians. Toward the beginning of the Carolingian Period, in the 8th cent., a gradual change appeared in Western culture and art, a change that later reached its apex under Charlemagne.
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, Romanesque architecture and artRomanesque architecture and art,
the artistic style that prevailed throughout Europe from the 10th to the mid-12th cent., although it persisted until considerably later in certain areas.
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, and Gothic architecture and artGothic architecture and art,
structures (largely cathedrals and churches) and works of art first created in France in the 12th cent. that spread throughout Western Europe through the 15th cent., and in some locations into the 16th cent.
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, as well as individual articles on abbeyabbey,
monastic house, especially among Benedictines and Cistercians, consisting of not less than 12 monks or nuns ruled by an abbot or abbess. Many abbeys were originally self-supporting. In the Benedictine expansion after the 8th cent.
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, churchchurch
[Gr. kuriakon=belonging to the Lord], in architecture, a building for Christian worship. The earliest churches date from the late 3d cent.; before then Christians, because of persecutions, worshiped secretly, especially in private houses.
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, and other topics.
References in periodicals archive ?
The new and revised edition of The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture has taken up the challenge of aiding a progressively larger secular milieu of art lovers in understanding the biblical narratives and the world of signs and symbols so well known to earlier generations.
However as with any revised edition, especially for as classic a sourcebook as the Murrays' original Oxford Companion to Christian Art and Architecture (1996), decisions have to be made about how to retain the structure and critical elements of the original while making it more useful and relevant to the current audience of readers.
It's then across the Irish sea to Inishmurray Island off the west coast of Ireland, where presenter John Ogwen explores the island's 8th-century monastic settlement - a Celtic treasure trove of early Christian art and architecture.
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