Christiane Nusslein-Volhard


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Nüsslein-Volhard, Christiane,

1942–, German biologist and geneticist, Ph.D. Univ. of Tübingen, 1973. Since 1985 she has been director of the genetics division of the Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology in Tübingen, Germany. Nüsslein-Volhard was awarded the 1995 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine with Eric F. WieschausWieschaus, Eric Francis,
1947–, American biologist and geneticist, b. South Bend, Ind., Ph.D. Yale 1974. He was a researcher at the European Molecular Biology Laboratory in Heidelberg, Germany, from 1978 to 1981, when he joined the faculty at Princeton.
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 and Edward B. LewisLewis, Edward B.,
1918–2004, American geneticist, b. Wilkes-Barre, Pa., grad. California Institute of Technology (Ph.D. 1942). After serving as a meteorologist with the U.S.
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 for their discoveries concerning the genetic control of early embryonic development. Using Drosophila melanogaster, the fruit fly, as their experimental system, Nüsslein-Volhard and Wieschaus identified and classified a group of genes that are key to determining the development of the fruit fly embryo into a segmented body. Based on their discovery that genes controlling development could be systematically identified, Lewis went on to elucidate how individual segments develop into specific organs. Their work has provided new insights into evolution and laid the groundwork for understanding congenital defects in humans.
References in periodicals archive ?
Elion 1998 Physiology or Medicine Christiane Nusslein-Volhard 1995 Physiology or Medicine Linda Buck 2004 Physiology or Medicine Francoise Barre-Sinoussi 2008 Physiology or Medicine Elizabeth H.
One of the people responsible for this "complete rethinking" is Christiane Nusslein-Volhard, who along with Eric Wieschaus received the Nobel Prize for identifying the genes involved in the development of structures in the fruit fly larva.
Lago (Portugal); Oscar Maarin Parra (Spain); Robert May (United Kingdom); Helga Nowotny (Austria); Christiane Nusslein-Volhard (Germany); Leena Peltonen-Palotie (Finland); Alain Peyraube (France); Jens R.