Christoph Martin Wieland


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Wieland, Christoph Martin

 

Born Sept. 5, 1733, in Oberholzheim, near Biberach; died Jan. 20, 1813, in Weimar. German writer. A pastor’s son.

Wieland studied at the University of Tubingen. He published didactic religious narrative poems, including The Trial of Abraham (1753). In 1772 he became tutor to the future Duke Charles Augustus in Weimar, where he published the magazine Der Deutsche Merkur (1773-1810). In poking fun at both sentimental daydreaming and moral asceticism, Wieland contributed to the rococo literature of the aristocratic salon. His Agathon (1766; Russian translation, 1783-84) was the first example in Germany of the Enlightenment ’’novel of education.” His satirical novel The Abderites (1774; Russian translation, 1832-40) and his narrative poemMusarion (1768) are set in ancient Greece. Wieland’s best work is his fantastic narrative poem Oberon (1780; Russian translation, 1787). Wieland’s philistine trust in the final victory of“common sense” and his role as court poet made him a target of ridicule by the Sturm und Drang writers, notably Goethe, and later by H. Heine. However, his translations of Lucian and Shakespeare were of progressive significance for the development of German culture.

WORKS

Sümtliche Werke, vols. 1-53. Leipzig, 1818-29.

REFERENCES

Reiman, P. Osnovnye techeniia v nemetskoi literature, 1750-1848. Moscow, 1959. (Translated from German.)
Sengle, F. Wieland. Stuttgart, 1949.
Hecker, J. Wieland…. Weimar, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
If Weimar became a cultural center because of Christoph Martin Wieland, Goethe, Johann Gottfried Herder, and Schiller, in Gotha the court itself, particularly under Ernst II, provided the focal point for the promotion and production of the arts and sciences.
Before Christoph Martin Wieland (1733-1813) published Basile's tale "Pervonte" in 1778/79 in his distinguished journal, Der Teutsche Merkur, Basile's collection was for all intents and purposes completely unknown.
It was Christoph Martin Wieland who first made the German reading public explicitly aware of the works of the Neapolitan Basile.
Many leading writers of the age, including Friedrich Nicolai, Johann Caspar Lavater, Johann Gottfried Herder and Christoph Martin Wieland, wrote abou t the implications of the crime.
Baudach uses this enframed text as a way to develop a classification scheme for his primary subject in this study, the European state-of-nature utopian text in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries in general, and as exemplified in the writing of Christoph Martin Wieland in particular, because he sees in Knigge's narrative an example of an explicit consciousness of genres within utopian literature of that period.
In that year her close friend and cousin, the well-known writer Christoph Martin Wieland, edited and published her first novel.
Currently, she is writing her dissertation on concepts of selfhood, identity development, and narrative techniques in the works of Christoph Martin Wieland, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Karl-Philipp Moritz, and Jean Paul.
One of the most important of these initiatives was Der Teutsche Merkur, founded by Christoph Martin Wieland and published at Weimar in collaboration with Friedrich Justin Bertuch, a man with sound business acumen.
Gesa von Essen situates Hermann epics by Christoph Otto Schonaich and Christoph Martin Wieland in the crossfire of Johann Christoph Gottsched's and Johann Jacob Bodmer's poetologies.
Finally, in relation to Das Kathchen von Heilbronn, Oesterle extends Max Kommerell's observation, 'Kleist liebt die Verhore', into an interpretation of Kathchen as a 'schone Seele' as conceived by Christoph Martin Wieland.
Christoph Martin Wielands Geschichte des Agathon: Eine kritische Werkinterpretation.