Chromosome Set

Chromosome Set

 

the complement of chromosomes in the nucleus of any plant or animal cell. The number of chromosomes in a chromosome set is constant for every biological species; the chromosomes are of a specific size and have distinctive morphological characteristics.

References in periodicals archive ?
In the technique developed at Newcastle, stem cells with XY chromosomes (male) were developed into germline stem cells which were then prompted to complete meiosis - cell division with halving of the chromosome set.
Overall, caffeine was a risk factor when the fetal karyotype (the full chromosome set of the nucleus of the cell) was normal but not when the karyotype was abnormal.
Polyploidy involves the multiplication of an entire chromosome set, being the best-known mode of discontinuous change in nuclear DNA content regarding the closest relatives (Gallardo et al.
Because they will later fuse with the female sex cell, or egg, the pollen grains (like the egg) contain only half the chromosome set and are thus easier to count than other cells, which contain the double set.
Unfertilized eggs, with only a maternal chromosome set, develop into males.
Spontaneous diploidization of the maternal chromosome set was shown to occur in hybrid larvae, as 2.
From these polar bodies in the cytoplasm protein fibers form which correctly distribute the duplicated chromosome set to the newly forming daughter cells.
Plant biologists have long suspected polyploidy - the heritable acquisition of extra chromosome sets - was a gateway to speciation.
In this condition, the development of XY over XX embryos is affected because the presence of the Y chromosome sets the embryo on a path of male reproductive development that remains incomplete due to a lack of functional androgen receptors.
Research has shown that trout with three chromosome sets grow faster than fish with two sets because they're unable to reproduce.
The sex of bumblebees is normally determined by the number of chromosome sets an individual receives.