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(prŏs'tətī`tĭs), inflammation of the prostate glandprostate gland,
gland that is part of the male reproductive system. It is an organ about the size of a chestnut and consists of glandular and muscular tissue. It is situated below the neck of the bladder, encircling the urethra.
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. Acute prostatitis is usually a result of infection in the urinary tract or infection carried by the blood; in many cases the infection spreads from the urethra and is contracted through sexual transmission. Symptoms include fever, low back pain, and difficulty or pain in urination; the gland is tender and swollen. Infection, caused by a variety of pathogenic bacteria and certain protozoans, is treated by an appropriate antibioticantibiotic,
any of a variety of substances, usually obtained from microorganisms, that inhibit the growth of or destroy certain other microorganisms. Types of Antibiotics
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. Healing is usually complete, but the condition may become chronic if the infecting organism persists.



acute or chronic inflammation of the prostate gland caused by gonococcal, staphylococcal, streptococcal, or tuberculous infection, trichomonads, or other factors. The symptoms of acute prostatitis are a burning sensation in the urethra, frequent and painful urination, and the presence of pus in the urine; other possible symptoms are elevated temperature, a sharp pain in the perineum, and acute retention of urine. All the symptoms are more pronounced if the prostate is abscessed. Chronic prostatitis may result from acute prostatitis or develop as an independent illness; it is characterized by malaise, dull pain in the perineum and lumbosacral region, impairment of sexual function, and frequent urination.

Treatment of acute prostatitis includes bed rest, antimicrobial therapy, application of heat, and the administration of pain relievers and antispasmodics. Surgery is indicated if an abscess has formed. Chronic prostatitis is treated with massage of the prostate and pelotherapy in addition to the above measures.


Pytel’, A. Ia., and N. A. Lopatkin. Urologiia. Moscow, 1970.


Inflammation of the prostate.
References in periodicals archive ?
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and chronic prostatitis are leading causes of lower urinary tract symptoms in men.
The psychology of urological chronic pelvic pain: A primer for urologists who want to know how to better manage chronic prostatitis and interstitial cystitis.
Chronic prostatitis was designed by using the hemodynamic model proposed by Knyazkin I.
23104 NIH-CPSI: National Institutes of Health Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Inventory; SD: standard deviation; QoL: quality of life.
There was no significant difference in response rate (the primary outcome), defined as a 4-point or more decrease in the total score on the NIH Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI) (range 0-43), compared with baseline.
National Institute of Health Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (CPSI) symptom evaluation in patients with chronic prostatitis / chronic pelvic pain syndrome - A multinational study in 1,563 patients.
Prevalence of sexual dysfunction in Chinese men with chronic prostatitis.
I don't doubt that exercise relieves pelvic pain associated with chronic prostatitis.
GTx also is developing its preclinical compounds, GTx-758, an oral LH inhibitor for advanced prostate cancer, and GTx-878, an estrogen receptor beta agonist for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia and chronic prostatitis.
someone who cannot relax his pelvic floor, with no neurologic cause), chronic prostatitis and severe constipation.
Objective: We aimed to determine the presence of concomitant chronic prostatitis in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) who underwent prostate biopsies because of elevated levels of serum prostate specific antigen (PSA).
In this Phase 2 study with 151 patients, compared with placebo, RAPAFLO(R) at a 4 mg dose significantly decreased the total score on the well-recognized National Institutes of Health Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI) scale, which measures symptoms and impact on quality of life (-12.

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