Chrysippus


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Chrysippus

(krĭs`ĭpəs), c.280–c.207 B.C., Greek Stoic philosopher, b. Soli, Cilicia. He was a disciple of Cleanthes and succeeded him as head of the Academy in Athens. After Zeno, the founder of StoicismStoicism
, school of philosophy founded by Zeno of Citium (in Cyprus) c.300 B.C. The first Stoics were so called because they met in the Stoa Poecile [Gr.,=painted porch], at Athens, a colonnade near the Agora, to hear their master Zeno lecture.
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, Chrysippus is considered the most eminent of the school. He systematized Stoicism and reconciled the factions that threatened to split the school. Chrysippus wrote with exquisite logic but also gave great weight to prophecy and the irrational. Only fragments of his work survive.

Bibliography

See J. B. Gould, The Philosophy of Chrysippus (1970).

Chrysippus

 

Born circa 280 B.C. in Soli, in Cilicia; died 208 or 205 B.C. Greek philosopher.

Chrysippus is considered the second founder of Stoicism after Zeno of Citium and its chief systematizer. He became head of the Stoic school in Athens after the death of Cleanthes in 232 B.C. Chrysippus wrote more than 700 works, about half of which are devoted to problems of logic; however, only fragments of these works have survived. He elaborated the logic of propositions and established the principle of bivalence, which became the ontological premise of classical logic.

WORKS

Stoicorum veterum fragmenta, vols. 2–3. Edited by H. von Arnim. Stuttgart, 1968.

REFERENCE

Bréhier, E. F. Chrysippe et I’ancienne stoϊcisme. Paris, 1951.
References in classic literature ?
The nineteen following lines from another recension of lines 889-900, 924-9 are quoted by Chrysippus (in Galen).
See HALL, supra note 5, at 115 ("In the early history of jurisprudence many legal philosophers wrote about law without mentioning the sanction; this can be traced back to many pithy statements by Plato and Aristotle, to the Stoic Chrysippus, and to Cicero who defined law as right reason, commanding what should be done and forbidding what should not be done.
THE LAST WORD CHRYSIPPUS, the Stoic philosopher is said to have died of laughter after watching his drunk donkey try to eat figs while philosopher Empedocles is said to have died by leaping into Mount Etna to show his followers he had become a god.
B Reconstitution of everything from the fire: Barnes interprets this as a view of causation (facilitated from Chrysippus via Plutarch) that "Every event, without exception, is determined by antecedent causes, and nothing can escape their constraints".
In 207 BC the Greek philosopher Chrysippus died laughing - after getting his donkey drunk on wine and watching it try to eat figs.
For Chrysippus well said, that all other things were created for the sake of men and gods, but that these exist for their own mutual fellowship and society, so that men can make use of beasts for their own purposes without injustice" (see Cicero 1967: III.
The first part of the paper examines Alexander's virtues and vices according to Diogenes Laertius and Chrysippus.
chapter 1 when Junius cites Chrysippus, more than likely Junius found
Upon reaching adulthood, Laius was entrusted with the care of Pelops' young son, Chrysippus, whose name means "golden horse.
founded by the fourth century BCE by the Greek thinker Zeno of Citium and systematized by his successors Cleanthes and Chrysippus in the third
Chrysippus actually used Euripides' depiction of Medea as an example of a disposition antithetical to Stoicism, and it may be that Apollonius was aware of this.
The important thing, Epictetus said with the example of Socrates in mind, is not to have mastered the kind of theoretical issues having to do with logic and physics that Chrysippus wrote about at great length; the only thing that truly matters is "how you act in your choices and refusals, your desires and aversions, how you go at things, and apply yourself to them, and prepare yourself, whether you are acting in harmony with nature [reason] therein, or out of harmony with it" (Discourses I, 4, 14).