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Born 181; died 234. Chinese military and state figure of the Three Kingdoms period.
Chu-ko Liang was the son of a small-scale landowner. In 207 he joined the service of Liu Pei, who was fighting Ts’ao Ts’ao for power in China. In 221, Liu Pei founded the Shu kingdom and made Chu-ko Liang his chief counselor. As such, Chu-ko Liang waged war against the Wei kingdom while maintaining friendly relations with the Wu kingdom. He subjugated several south-western tribes. The military accomplishments of Chu-ko Liang are celebrated in the classic Chinese novel The Three Kingdoms (14th century).