Chukchi Peninsula


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Chukchi Peninsula

(cho͞ok`chē), northeastern extremity of Asia, terminating in Cape Dezhnev, Russian Far East. Washed by the E Siberian and Chukchi seas in the northeast, the peninsula is the eastern extension of the Anadyr mountain range. It is also known as Chukotsk. It is included in the Chukotka Autonomous Area (1990 est. pop. 155,000). The capital is the city of AnadyrAnadyr
, river, c.695 mi (1,120 km) long, rising on the Anadyr Plateau, NE Russian Far East, and flowing S then E into Anadyr Bay, an inlet of the Bering Sea. The Anadyr basin, a lowland between the Anadyr and Koryak ranges, is mostly covered by tundra.
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. A large portion of the inhabitants are Russian; the rest are Chukchi, Yakut, Eveny, Koryak, and Inuit. The Chukchi language is of the Paleosiberian family (see Paleosiberian languagesPaleosiberian languages
, also called Paleoasiatic or Hyperborean languages, family of languages spoken by about 15,000 indigenous inhabitants of Siberia. Of these, most live in extreme NE Siberia, and fewer than 1,000 live farther W near the Yenisei River.
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). The people are of two groups, seminomadic hunters and coast-dwelling fishermen. The area's coastline lies along the North Sea shipping route. There is mining (tin, lead, zinc, gold, and coal), hunting and trapping, reindeer raising, and fishing. The area was separated from the Magadan region in 1992 and put under the direct jurisdiction of Russia, the only autonomous area to be so constituted.

Chukchi Peninsula

 

a peninsula in northeast Asia, in Magadan Oblast, RSFSR. Washed by the Anadyr’ Gulf of the Bering Sea and by the Chukchi Sea, it is separated from North America by the Bering Strait. On the mainland, the boundary of the peninsula runs through the valley of the Vel’mai River to the Chukchi Sea, the banks of which are strongly indented, with Koliuchin Guba in the north, the Mechigmen Gulf in the southeast, and the Krest Gulf in the southwest. At the northeast end of the Chukchi Peninsula is the Dezhnev Cape. The Chukchi Highlands occupy much of the peninsula.

References in periodicals archive ?
This third group is found on the north coast of the Chukchi Peninsula in June and July and then is believed to move to the western Chukchi Sea and the East Siberian Sea before returning to the Bering Sea in the autumn (Moore and Reeves, 1993:336-338; Zelensky et al.
Matthew Island in late August 1851, and Captain Abraham Pierce (1854) of the Kutusoff reported that bowheads were taken in the western part of the Gulf of Anadyr in July 1853; others were reported captured on the south shore of the Chukchi Peninsula in Holy Cross Bay (Zaliv Kresta) in June 1866 (Hegemann, 1890:410-412).
Although some whales were taken in the latter half of July in the Gulf of Anadyr, in the same period of time a large number were harvested in the southwestern part of the Chukchi Sea, north of the Chukchi Peninsula.
Almost all non-wintering whaleships headed south by mid October (Maps 30, 31), and those that remained only a few days longer did so at their peril, even though it was generally recognized that large numbers of bowheads could be found at that time in the dangerous waters of the "Southwest Grounds" near the northern coast of the Chukchi Peninsula (Cook, 1926:161).
Along the Chukchi Peninsula, the fall migration splits into two pulses (Bogoslovskaya et al.
1985; 1989; Thomson and Richardson(38)), along the northern Chukchi Peninsula (Mel'nikov and Bobkov, 1993; 1994; Moore et al.