Chukchi Peninsula

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Chukchi Peninsula

(cho͞ok`chē), northeastern extremity of Asia, terminating in Cape Dezhnev, Russian Far East. Washed by the E Siberian and Chukchi seas in the northeast, the peninsula is the eastern extension of the Anadyr mountain range. It is also known as Chukotsk. It is included in the Chukotka Autonomous Area (1990 est. pop. 155,000). The capital is the city of AnadyrAnadyr
, river, c.695 mi (1,120 km) long, rising on the Anadyr Plateau, NE Russian Far East, and flowing S then E into Anadyr Bay, an inlet of the Bering Sea. The Anadyr basin, a lowland between the Anadyr and Koryak ranges, is mostly covered by tundra.
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. A large portion of the inhabitants are Russian; the rest are Chukchi, Yakut, Eveny, Koryak, and Inuit. The Chukchi language is of the Paleosiberian family (see Paleosiberian languagesPaleosiberian languages
, also called Paleoasiatic or Hyperborean languages, family of languages spoken by about 15,000 indigenous inhabitants of Siberia. Of these, most live in extreme NE Siberia, and fewer than 1,000 live farther W near the Yenisei River.
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). The people are of two groups, seminomadic hunters and coast-dwelling fishermen. The area's coastline lies along the North Sea shipping route. There is mining (tin, lead, zinc, gold, and coal), hunting and trapping, reindeer raising, and fishing. The area was separated from the Magadan region in 1992 and put under the direct jurisdiction of Russia, the only autonomous area to be so constituted.

Chukchi Peninsula

 

a peninsula in northeast Asia, in Magadan Oblast, RSFSR. Washed by the Anadyr’ Gulf of the Bering Sea and by the Chukchi Sea, it is separated from North America by the Bering Strait. On the mainland, the boundary of the peninsula runs through the valley of the Vel’mai River to the Chukchi Sea, the banks of which are strongly indented, with Koliuchin Guba in the north, the Mechigmen Gulf in the southeast, and the Krest Gulf in the southwest. At the northeast end of the Chukchi Peninsula is the Dezhnev Cape. The Chukchi Highlands occupy much of the peninsula.

References in periodicals archive ?
Lawrence Island along the east coast of the Chukotka Peninsula to the Chukchi Sea.
From the Gulf of Anadyr, birds proceeded northward across the Chukotka Peninsula (minimum overland distance of ~215 km).
They hauled out onto coastal cliffs at several sites along the southern side of the Chukotka Peninsula at Bering Cape and in Provideniya Bay (at Stoletiya Cape and Lesovsky Cape), Nuneangran Island, and also at walrus haulouts (Perlov, 1983b; Mymrin, 1991, Mymrin (24)).
The publication describes not only details of the modern lifestyle of indigenous peoples in the villages of the Chukotka Peninsula, but also their historical past.
The whales' migration route once they pass Point Barrow and enter the Chukchi Sea is not well known, but the majority of whales are believed to move southwest towards the Chukotka Peninsula.
Sarychev, who was both navigator and hydrographer on the voyage, succeeded in mapping the coastline of the Sea of Okhotsk, the Chukotka Peninsula of eastern Siberia, and the Aleutian Islands, including Unalaska and Kodiak islands, as well as describing the Pribilof Islands and St.
This study presents the results of shore-based counts of bowhead whales (Balaena mysticetus) along the Chukotka Peninsula in 1999, 2000, and 2001.
Phase 2: The implementation of a survey based on Phase 1 among Inuit and Saami peoples in the Arctic and other indigenous peoples in the Chukotka Peninsula.
Glacially deformed sediments of Lavrentiya Bay, Chukotka Peninsula, Far Eastern Russia, and the north shore of St.
It is home to several indigenous groups, two of whom, the Chukchi and the Yupik (or Eskimos), inhabit the coast of the Chukotka Peninsula.
We conducted seabird surveys along the entire coast of the Chukotka Peninsula (northwestern Siberia, Russia) from 1983 to 1991.
Data on avifaunal composition were then compared to data from adjacent areas from Eastern Siberia to the Chukotka Peninsula to evaluate how species composition changes longitudinally within the arctic and typical tundra zones of northern Russia.