Chun Doo Hwan
Chun Doo Hwan(jûn dō hwän), 1931–, Korean military leader, president of South Korea (1980–88). An army officer, Chun rose to power in a coup following the murder (1979) of South Korean President Park Chung HeePark Chung Hee
, 1917–79, president (1963–79) of the Republic of Korea (South Korea). Starting (1940) his military career in the Japanese army, he joined the new South Korean army after the establishment of Korean independence at the end of World War II and rose
..... Click the link for more information. . As president, Chun banned many of his opponents from politics and passed (1980) a new authoritarian constitution. In 1981 he lifted martial law, in effect since 1979. In 1987 he picked Roh Tae Woo to be his party's presidential candidate and subsequently endorsed Roh's democratization policies. Chun and Roh were both indicted in 1995 and 1996 on corruption charges, as well as for their roles in the 1979 coup and in the massacre of prodemocracy demonstrators in Gwangju (Kwangju) in 1980. Sentenced to life in prison, Chun was pardoned in Dec., 1997, by President Kim Dae JungKim Dae Jung
, 1924–2009, president (1998–2003) of South Korea. A native of South Jeolla prov., Kim was a long-time campaigner for increased democracy and a writer on international issues.
..... Click the link for more information. , as a national reconciliation gesture.