Chun Doo Hwan

Chun Doo Hwan

(jûn dō hwän), 1931–, Korean military leader, president of South Korea (1980–88). An army officer, Chun rose to power in a coup following the murder (1979) of South Korean President Park Chung HeePark Chung Hee
, 1917–79, president (1963–79) of the Republic of Korea (South Korea). Starting (1940) his military career in the Japanese army, he joined the new South Korean army after the establishment of Korean independence at the end of World War II and rose
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. As president, Chun banned many of his opponents from politics and passed (1980) a new authoritarian constitution. In 1981 he lifted martial law, in effect since 1979. In 1987 he picked Roh Tae Woo to be his party's presidential candidate and subsequently endorsed Roh's democratization policies. Chun and Roh were both indicted in 1995 and 1996 on corruption charges, as well as for their roles in the 1979 coup and in the massacre of prodemocracy demonstrators in Gwangju (Kwangju) in 1980. Sentenced to life in prison, Chun was pardoned in Dec., 1997, by President Kim Dae JungKim Dae Jung
, 1924–2009, president (1998–2003) of South Korea. A native of South Jeolla prov., Kim was a long-time campaigner for increased democracy and a writer on international issues.
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, as a national reconciliation gesture.
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It nourishes and supports gangsters as it supported Nicolai Ceausescu in Eastern Europe, Suharto in Indonesia, Ferdinand Marcos in Philippines, Jean Claud Duva in Haiti, Chun Doo Hwan in South Korea and Mobutu Sese Seko in Zaire.
The family of South Korea's former President Chun Doo Hwan said Tuesday it will pay off millions of dollars to the government as Chun was convicted of accepting bribes while in office in the 1980s.
Lee also visited the Martyrs' Mausoleum in Yangon to pay tribute to the 17 Korean government officials killed in a bomb attack there by Pyongyang agents in October 1983 when the former South Korean President Chun Doo Hwan escaped the assassination during his visit to Yangon.
They became adults during the military dictatorships of Presidents Park Chung Hee (1961-79) and Chun Doo Hwan (1980-87), when the government suppressed student-led pro-democratic protests and enforced censorship.
19) Chun Doo Hwan also had the good fortune of ascending to power when Carter's strong advocacy for human rights was waning, partly because of the prolonged Iranian hostage crisis, the increasing attacks against Carter's foreign policy by Republicans during the 1980 presidential campaign, and increased tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union in response to Soviet intervention in Afghanistan.
When then President Chun Doo Hwan became the first South Korean leader to visit Japan in 1984, the Japanese government had fretted over the content of then Emperor Hirohito's speech.
In the 1980s, during the Reagan-supported dictatorship of Chun Doo Hwan, Roh defended many human rights and labor activists at the risk of his own career and life.
He forgave and granted amnesties to the two military leaders who had imprisoned and nearly killed him, Chun Doo Hwan and Roh Tae Woo.
Former Presidents Chun Doo Hwan and Roh Tae Woo took hundreds of millions of dollars from Seoul's coffers and ended up in jail.
A Chun Doo Hwan y Roh Tae Woo, ex generales y ex presidentes de Corea del Sur, el cielo se les vino encima un dia de diciembre pasado, cuando fueron arrestados por violaciones a los derechos humanos y actos de corrupcion cometidos durante sus respectivos turnos en el poder: Doo de 1980 a 1988 y Tae de 1988 a 1992.
The first had been produced by Roh's predecessor, Chun Doo Hwan, in January 1982.
The Marcos dictatorship held power until 1986, but in 1980 the South Korean dictatorship of General Park was supplanted by that of General Chun Doo Hwan.