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see ChongqingChongqing
or Chungking
, city and independent municipality (2010 pop. 28,846,170), 592 sq mi (1,534 sq km), in SE Sichuan prov., China, at the junction of the Chang and Jialing rivers. It is administered directly by the national government.
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, China.



(also Ch’ungch’ing), a city in Southwest China, in Szechwan Province. Forms a series of terraces on the slope of a promontory at the confluence of the Chialing Chiang and the Yangtze River. Population, approximately 5 million (including rural areas under the city’s jurisdiction; 1974). Chungking is a river port that handles more than 6 million tons of freight annually. It is connected by water with Shanghai and by railroad with Paochi, in Shensi Province, and with the seaport of Chanchiang, in Kwangtung Province. The city has an airport. There is a bridge across the Yangtze at Chungking.

Chungking developed as a major industrial center during the Sino-Japanese War, when factories were evacuated to the city from the eastern regions between 1938 and 1945; since that time industry has undergone further development. Approximately 10 million tons of coal are mined annually in the Chungking area; the substantial electric power industry includes two fossil-fuel-fired steam power plants and a hydroelectric power system on the Lungch’i Ho.

In 1970, Chungking’s complex of integrated iron and steel plants produced 1.5 million tons of pig iron and 1.2 million tons of steel. The city’s diversified machine-building industry manufactures hydroturbines, equipment for the power-engineering industry, machine tools, pneumatic and drilling equipment, construction machinery, ships, bearings, agricultural machinery, and instruments. The chemical industry is represented by plants producing plastics, chemical fibers, toxic chemicals, and pharmaceuticals. The building-materials industry is represented by cement factories. The city also has mills for the production of wool and silk fabrics, a meat-packing plant, a cannery, a butter factory, a tea factory, and flour mills.


Chungking is first mentioned in the 11th century B.C., when Chiangchou, the capital of the kingdom of Pa (Pah), stood on the site of the modern city. In 316 B.C. the kingdom of Pa was incorporated into the Ch’in state, and Chiangchou became a district capital. In 1189 the city received its present name. Long a major commercial center of Southwest China, Chungking was opened to foreign trade in 1891, after which it was used by the capitalist nations as a base from which to penetrate the economy of Szechwan and neighboring provinces. From 1913 to 1929 the city was called Pahsien. In October 1938 the Japanese captured Hank’ou, where the nationalist government had been located since late 1937; from the fall of Hank’ou until early 1946, Chungking was the capital of China. The city was freed from Kuomintang rule by the People’s Liberation Army of China on Nov 30, 1949.


, Chungking, Ch'ung-ch'ing
a river port in SW China, in Sichuan province at the confluence of the Yangtze and Jialing rivers: site of a city since the 3rd millennium bc; wartime capital of China (1938--45); major trade centre for W China. Pop.: 4 975 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
In May 1941, a notable husband-and-wife team came to Chungking.
Chungking Mansions, which Connelly describes as a " postmodern Casablanca -- all in one building", is a haven for underthe- radar practices with its cheap hotels and smuggled goods.
Recruited by the Ministry of Economic Warfare in 1943, he served in Chungking in 1944-45 and after training in India and Ceylon was parachuted into Malaya on 8 August 1945 as part of Force 136 in "Operation Zipper.
And in the case of Chungking Express, it is made explicit in the opening voice-over.
Then the signature style returns with a vengeance in his next two films, both released in 1994--Ashes of Time and Chungking Express--and hits dizzying new heights with Fallen Angels.
Poverty drives twelve-year-old Young Fu and his mother from the country to Chungking in the early twentieth century where he becomes an apprentice to a coppersmith.
She had survived the anarchy of the warlord era, invasion, war, and revolution but had lost her mind, somehow fetching up in an asylum in Chungking before being shipped to Hong Kong when China closed its borders.
Among the acts are Goldie Lookin' Chain, The Ordinary Boys, ChungKing, The Open, Kristian Leontiou and The Headcase Ladz.
But hey, you're in Hong Kong, so for a more authentic Asian scene visit Chungking Mansions for the cheapest curries and craic among the fleapits and flop houses off Nathan Road.
Also, the occupation would be a blow to the Chungking government and help settle the China issue; it would also put pressure on the NEI government to come to terms with Japanese demands.
I had US$3,600 in my pocket, consisting of a $3,500 scholarship from the Chungking Graduate School of Journalism and $100 from my parents.
In both Chungking Express and another of Wong's masterpieces,