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see ChongqingChongqing
or Chungking
, city and independent municipality (2010 pop. 28,846,170), 592 sq mi (1,534 sq km), in SE Sichuan prov., China, at the junction of the Chang and Jialing rivers. It is administered directly by the national government.
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, China.



(also Ch’ungch’ing), a city in Southwest China, in Szechwan Province. Forms a series of terraces on the slope of a promontory at the confluence of the Chialing Chiang and the Yangtze River. Population, approximately 5 million (including rural areas under the city’s jurisdiction; 1974). Chungking is a river port that handles more than 6 million tons of freight annually. It is connected by water with Shanghai and by railroad with Paochi, in Shensi Province, and with the seaport of Chanchiang, in Kwangtung Province. The city has an airport. There is a bridge across the Yangtze at Chungking.

Chungking developed as a major industrial center during the Sino-Japanese War, when factories were evacuated to the city from the eastern regions between 1938 and 1945; since that time industry has undergone further development. Approximately 10 million tons of coal are mined annually in the Chungking area; the substantial electric power industry includes two fossil-fuel-fired steam power plants and a hydroelectric power system on the Lungch’i Ho.

In 1970, Chungking’s complex of integrated iron and steel plants produced 1.5 million tons of pig iron and 1.2 million tons of steel. The city’s diversified machine-building industry manufactures hydroturbines, equipment for the power-engineering industry, machine tools, pneumatic and drilling equipment, construction machinery, ships, bearings, agricultural machinery, and instruments. The chemical industry is represented by plants producing plastics, chemical fibers, toxic chemicals, and pharmaceuticals. The building-materials industry is represented by cement factories. The city also has mills for the production of wool and silk fabrics, a meat-packing plant, a cannery, a butter factory, a tea factory, and flour mills.


Chungking is first mentioned in the 11th century B.C., when Chiangchou, the capital of the kingdom of Pa (Pah), stood on the site of the modern city. In 316 B.C. the kingdom of Pa was incorporated into the Ch’in state, and Chiangchou became a district capital. In 1189 the city received its present name. Long a major commercial center of Southwest China, Chungking was opened to foreign trade in 1891, after which it was used by the capitalist nations as a base from which to penetrate the economy of Szechwan and neighboring provinces. From 1913 to 1929 the city was called Pahsien. In October 1938 the Japanese captured Hank’ou, where the nationalist government had been located since late 1937; from the fall of Hank’ou until early 1946, Chungking was the capital of China. The city was freed from Kuomintang rule by the People’s Liberation Army of China on Nov 30, 1949.


, Chungking, Ch'ung-ch'ing
a river port in SW China, in Sichuan province at the confluence of the Yangtze and Jialing rivers: site of a city since the 3rd millennium bc; wartime capital of China (1938--45); major trade centre for W China. Pop.: 4 975 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
So thousands of Americans were sent to Chungking to support Chiang's Nationalist government.
The new scheme is devised to cut short the cargo delivery time from Chungking to Duisburg to 17-18 days.
If a parallel can be drawn between Hollywood (Plaza) and a similar construction "California (Cafe)" in Wong Kar-wai's [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] Chungking Express [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (1996), (32) Fruit Chan's rendition of the global space is even emptier in substance and meaning, its function reduced to a signifier of an elsewhere appended to the end of the film like a postcard image, for "Hollywood" in the film does not even carry the ironic playfulness of California in Chungking Express, in which the spatial-temporal disjunction between the two spaces are underscored by the affective subtext of a developing romance between Tony Leung's [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] Cop 223 and Faye Wong's [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] character.
Building the Chungking railroad, it is the girl who blasts the dynamite charges, while on the Peking radio is a girl who denounces the treachery of Formosa.
At the wartime embassy in Chungking, Service quickly proved himself an unusually eager and talented political reporter, who, in addition to meeting regularly with local officials, traveled into the countryside to get a sense of political and economic conditions in China.
While we were extending our propaganda reach throughout the English-speaking world, the representatives of major magazines and newspapers were beginning to come to Chungking to report China's side of the war.
Chongqing, or Chungking in English, is the largest city of the Szechuan Province and the leading industrial centre in south-central China with a population of over five million, and more than 20 million in the greater metropolitan area.
N INE DRAGONS was inspired by a real- life story involving the disappearance of a Canadian national, Ani Ashekian, from the infamous Chungking Mansions in Hong Kong, which also makes an appearance in the novel.
Summoned to Delhi to be recruited into Force 136 and posted to Chungking, he was delighted to return to China.
Its title, What a Difference a Day Made, derives from that of a love song in Wong Kar-wai's 1994 film Chungking Express, set in the transitional state of Hong Kong just a few years prior to the transfer of sovereignty to China.
Los autos Lifan son fabricados en la provincia china de Chungking y se estima que sus ventas alcancen este ano las 600 unidades.