Sucre

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Sucre,

city (1992 pop. 131,769), S central Bolivia, constitutional capital of Bolivia and capital of Chuquisaca dept. Since 1898, La Paz has been the administrative capital of Bolivia and the seat of the legislative and executive branches of government; Sucre is the seat of the judiciary. The city lies in a mountain valley on the eastern slope of the Andes at an altitude of c.8,500 ft (2,590 m). The climate is moderate. Sucre is a major agricultural center and supplies the mining communities of the barren altiplano. It also has an oil refinery and a cement plant. The city is the seat of the archbishopric, the supreme court, and the national university, San Francisco Xavier, which was founded c.1625 and specializes in law. Sucre was founded in 1538 and called La Plata; the city was also called Chuquisaca and Charcas. It was given its present name in 1839 in honor of the revolutionary leader Antonio José de SucreSucre, Antonio José de
, 1795–1830, South American revolutionist, b. Cumaná, Venezuela. He joined (1811) the forces fighting for independence from Spain and rose to be the chief lieutenant of Simón Bolívar.
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. The revolt against Spanish rule began in Sucre in 1809.

Sucre

 

the legal capital of Bolivia and capital of the department of Chuquisaca. Situated in the valley of the Pilcomayo River, on the slopes of the Cordillera Central, at an elevation of 2,700 m. Population, 85,000 (1970). Sucre has a tropical climate; the average January temperature is 12°C, and the average July temperature 9°C. Annual precipitation is 706 mm. Sucre, a highway junction, has a railroad station and an airport. The city has enterprises of the oil-refining, cement, woodworking, and food industries. There is a thermal power plant in the city.

Sucre was founded in 1538 by the Spanish conquistador Pedro de Anzurez, who named the city La Plata (Spanish, “silver”) because of silver deposits found in the area. Later the city was named Chuquisaca (Indian, choque-chaca [”silver mountain”]). On May 25,1809, an uprising in the city marked the beginning of the war for independence from Spain in Upper Peru (Bolivia’s name in the colonial period). In 1839 the city was named after A. J. de Sucre.

In the center of Sucre is the triangular Square of May 25, which includes a park, the Basilica Metropolitana (foundation laid 1571; structure completed 18th century), the Government Palace (1892), the Palace of the Legislative Assembly, various other government buildings, and a monument to A. J. de Sucre (1909). In the northern district, the Square of Liberty features the Obelisk of Liberty, a theater, and the Hospital of Santa Barbara. Colonial-period houses and 16th- and 17th-century churches have also been preserved.

Educational institutions in Sucre include a university, a higher pedagogical school, a polytechnic institute, an institute of oncology, a smallpox vaccination institute, the Sucre Medical Institute, and an institute of sociology. Prominent cultural institutions include the National Library and Archives of Bolivia, museums of anthropology and the fine arts, and the Charcas Colonial Museum.

Sucre

1
Antonio José de . 1795--1830, South American liberator, born in Venezuela, who assisted Bolivar in the colonial revolt against Spain; first president of Bolivia (1826--28)

Sucre

2
the legal capital of Bolivia, in the south central part of the country in the E Andes: university (1624). Pop.: 231 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
En el caso de Bolivia, las zonas de intervencion propuestas (departamentos de Santa Cruz, Chuquisaca y Tarija) difieren de las que poseen las mayores tasas de riesgo nutricional y de personas con NBI, debido a la necesidad de priorizar lugares donde se producen los cultivos estudiados.
Nombre con el que se designa a los indigenas de los departamentos de La Paz, Oruro, Potosi, Cochabamba y Chuquisaca.
En Chuquisaca, el mulato Francisco Rios, alias el <<Quitacapas>>, promovio el levantamiento popular que acompano el movimiento juntera de los oidores y el Cabildo, sublevando a la plebe (14); por su parte, el movimiento paceno favorecio la participacion indigena proponiendo el nombramiento para la Junta Tuitiva de tres caciques, representantes de cada uno de los partidos de la intendencia (15).
Estos ultimos provenian tanto de las rentas generadas por una serie de estancias y fincas situadas en los valles de Chuquisaca y Cochabamba, y en la costa peruana, como de las exportaciones de los productos generados en las mismas reducciones mojenas, las que tambien contaban con sus propias fincas.
Aunque no existen graves problemas de primacia urbana, algunos departamentos van a sentir fuertemente el desequilibrio poblacional: Oruro, Potosi y Chuquisaca seran los mas afectados.
30) Morales tendria la victoria en 5 departamentos: La Paz, Cochabamba, Oruro, Potosi y Chuquisaca, y Jorge Quiroga ganaria en 4 departamentos: Santa Cruz, Beni Pando y Tarija.
Sin embargo, un analisis de las listas de egresados de las universidades de Cordoba y, especialmente, de Chuquisaca demuestra que el ambito de propagacion de ideas y textos era muy amplio, si se piensa que recibian la misma educacion alumnos de todos los puntos del Virreinato.
Ademas de su actividad apostolica, enseno Filosofia y Teologia en el Colegio Maximo de San Pablo de Lima y Teologia de Prima en las universidades de San Marcos y Chuquisaca, siendo Rector de esta ultima.
Consequently, these changes meant a slow economic stagnation for the city Sucre and its surrounding region, Chuquisaca, even as its elite struggled to exploit other commercial avenues anti maintain regional importance for Sucre.
During the late sixties he lived in Bolivia, where he frequented rural communities in the departments of Chuquisaca and Cochabamba to acquire and learn about textiles.
Hacia septiembre de 1774, Braga de Couto solicitaba y conseguia por enesima vez originales y copias de las actuaciones a la cura de la Real Audiencia de Chuquisaca durante los ultimos doce anos, en relacion a esta evidentemente dilatada gestion.
Geological report on the studies carried out to infer the possibility of discovering springs of groundwater in the Department of Chuquisaca (Bolivia).