Church of Scientology


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Related to Church of Scientology: Scientologists, L Ron Hubbard

Scientology, Church of,

philosophical religion founded by L(afayette) Ron(ald) Hubbard, 1911–86, b. Tilden, Nebr. Hubbard's book Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health (1950) first set forth the basis of his philosophy, offering an alternative path to overcoming physical and mental stress. The church believes that a person's spirit can be cleared of past painful experiences through a process called "auditing," freeing the person of the burdens that interfere with happiness and self-realization. The first church was established in Los Angeles in 1954. A prolific author, Hubbard wrote many works on Scientology and is also noted for his science-fiction novels and short stories.

Scientology has been regarded with suspicion by many during its history. The American Medical Association and the American Psychological Association questioned the tenets of Scientology during the 1950s, and in the 1960s the governments of England, Australia, and the United States opened investigations into church activities, particularly for suspected practices of tax evasion. The church's status as a religion was, however, ultimately established in those and other countries, but elsewhere it has been regarded as a sect. It has continued to face governmental challenges, perhaps most notably in Germany, where it has been accused of being antidemocratic and unconstitutional and where its members have experienced personal discrimination, and in France, where it has been convicted of fraud. Some, including some former members, view the church as an elaborate cult, a charge the church and some religious scholars deny. In 1996 there were more than 3,000 churches, missions, and groups worldwide, with headquarters in Los Angeles.

Bibliography

See J. Reitman, Inside Scientology (2011); H. B. Urban, The Church of Scientology (2011); L. Wright, Going Clear (2013).


Church of Scientology:

see Scientology, Church ofScientology, Church of,
philosophical religion founded by L(afayette) Ron(ald) Hubbard, 1911–86, b. Tilden, Nebr. Hubbard's book Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health
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References in periodicals archive ?
For more information on the Church of Scientology or its programs, visit scientology-ccnashville.
The Church of Scientology was created by science fiction and fantasy author L Ron Hubbard.
The Church of Scientology was founded by science fiction and fantasy author L Ron Hubbard.
Graeme Wilson, spokesman for the Church of Scientology in the UK, said the Church of Scientology still have plans for the building.
Louisa Hodkin and her fiance Alessandro Calcioli outside the Supreme Court in London, after winning their battle to marry in a Church of Scientology chapel
A Church of Scientology spokesman said: "Scientology is very popular with those who have visited our churches, met with Scientologists and observed or utilised our numerous community activities that effectively address drug abuse, illiteracy, declining moral values, human rights violations, criminality and more.
The Church of Scientology seems to have multiplied its active membership by a factor of 100.
WASHINGTON -- On Saturday, October 31, the Founding Church of Scientology of Washington, DC, opened its new premises six blocks from the White House and minutes from Capitol Mall.
Dylan Pires, Community Affairs Director for the Church of Scientology in Clearwater.
com/features/leah-remini-doubles-down-anti-scientology-crusade-i-want-a-federal-investigation-1027737) The Hollywood Reporter to discuss her new plans to uncover the alleged illegal activities of the Church of Scientology.
Miss Hodkin wants to marry fiance Alessandro Calcioli in a Church of Scientology chapel in London.
London, July 4 ( ANI ): The Church Of Scientology has vehemently denied sending anyone to follow Katie Holmes after she filed for divorce from Tom Cruise.

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