Church of Scientology


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Related to Church of Scientology: Scientologists, L Ron Hubbard

Church of Scientology:

see Scientology, Church ofScientology, Church of,
philosophical religion founded by L(afayette) Ron(ald) Hubbard, 1911–86, b. Tilden, Nebr. Hubbard's book Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health
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Scientology, Church of,

philosophical religion founded by L(afayette) Ron(ald) Hubbard, 1911–86, b. Tilden, Nebr. Hubbard's book Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health (1950) first set forth the basis of his philosophy, offering an alternative path to overcoming physical and mental stress. The church believes that a person's spirit can be cleared of past painful experiences through a process called "auditing," freeing the person of the burdens that interfere with happiness and self-realization. The first church was established in Los Angeles in 1954. A prolific author, Hubbard wrote many works on Scientology and is also noted for his science-fiction novels and short stories.

Scientology has been regarded with suspicion by many during its history. The American Medical Association and the American Psychological Association questioned the tenets of Scientology during the 1950s, and in the 1960s the governments of England, Australia, and the United States opened investigations into church activities, particularly for suspected practices of tax evasion. The church's status as a religion was, however, ultimately established in those and other countries, but elsewhere it has been regarded as a sect. It has continued to face governmental challenges, perhaps most notably in Germany, where it has been accused of being antidemocratic and unconstitutional and where its members have experienced personal discrimination, and in France, where it has been convicted of fraud. Some, including some former members, view the church as an elaborate cult, a charge the church and some religious scholars deny. In 1996 there were more than 3,000 churches, missions, and groups worldwide, with headquarters in Los Angeles.

Bibliography

See J. Reitman, Inside Scientology (2011); H. B. Urban, The Church of Scientology (2011); L. Wright, Going Clear (2013).

References in periodicals archive ?
But the Church of Scientology responded by comparing Anonymous to "terrorists".
Yet the significance of a major Church of Scientology in Washington, DC, runs much deeper as Mr.
The Church of Scientology sponsors a human rights education campaign consisting of booklets, ads, events and a series of 30 short films or public service announcements (PSAs) about the 30 rights laid out in the Universal Declaration on Human Rights (UDHR).
24, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The Church of Scientology Flag Service Organization and its parishioners established a record 10,000 volunteer hours over the holidays during two signature events they organize for the community.
Freedom Magazine is published by the Church of Scientology International.
The event being hosted by the Church of Scientology in late July is "A Journey to Friendship Through Dialogue," and will be led to help people participate and open up amongst those with whom they might not otherwise associate.
The festivities at the Fort Harrison Park, which was for foster children in Pinellas County, marked just over one year since its opening by the Church of Scientology Flag Service Organization.
The Church of Scientology in Berlin Won a Civil Court Case to Protect Their Religious Rights under Article 4 of the German Constitution, Which Resulted in the Removal of All Anti-Scientology Propaganda from the City
Brian Fesler of the Church of Scientology says, "This day brings the entire community together in solidarity, as we reflect on the freedoms we have and look at what it took to get here.
Serving as the Mistress of Ceremonies, Lisa Mansell, the Community Affairs Director for the Church of Scientology, welcomed the audience and encouraged them to find out more about My Hope Chest.
Scientology) works,'' said Edward Parkin, vice president for cultural affairs for the Church of Scientology International in Los Angeles.
The Church of Scientology and Volunteer Ministers Program Rose up to President Barack Obama's "Day of Service" Challenge by Supporting the Pasadena Fire Department's Emergency Response Training Program

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