Chuvash Republic


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Chuvash Republic

(cho͞oväsh`) or

Chuvashia,

constituent republic (1990 pop. 1,326,000), 7,066 sq mi (18,301 sq km), E central European Russia, in the middle Volga valley. CheboksaryCheboksary
, city (1989 pop. 420,000), capital of Chuvash Republic, NW European Russia, a port on the Volga River. Both a heavy industrial and an agricultural region, it is the site of a hydroelectric station. Founded in the 16th cent. as a fortress, the city has a 17th-century cathedral.
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 is the capital. The region, consisting largely of the Chuvash plateau, is wooded steppe. There are peat bogs and deposits of limestone, dolomite, clays, sands, and phosphorites. Grain, potatoes, flax, hemp, fruit, and sugar beets are grown, and livestock is raised. With about one third of the area in forests, both lumbering and woodworking are important occupations. Among the republic's other industries are oil and natural gas refining, metalworking, railway repair, and food and flax processing. The Trans-Siberian RR crosses the republic, and secondary lines from the main track service many towns. Chuvash make up some 70% of the population and Russians (who are mostly urban) around 25%; there are Mordovian, Tatar, and Ukrainian minorities. The Chuvash, descendants of the medieval Bulgars, represent a mixture of Finnish and Mongolian peoples. They speak a Turkic language and adhere to Orthodox Christianity. Their wood carving is notable. Conquered by the Mongols in the 13th and 14th cent., the Chuvash came under Russian rule in 1552. The Chuvash Autonomous Region was established in 1920; it became an autonomous republic in 1925. It was a signatory to the Mar. 31, 1992, treaty that created the Russian Federation (see RussiaRussia,
officially the Russian Federation,
Rus. Rossiya, republic (2005 est. pop. 143,420,000), 6,591,100 sq mi (17,070,949 sq km). The country is bounded by Norway and Finland in the northwest; by Estonia, Latvia, Belarus, and Ukraine in the west; by Georgia
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). It has a 200-member parliament.

Chuvash Republic

a constituent republic of W central Russia, in the middle Volga valley: generally low-lying with undulating plains and large areas of forest. Capital: Cheboksary. Pop.: 1 313 900 (2002). Area: 18 300 sq. km (7064 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Major organization : STATE UNITARY ENTERPRISE OF THE CHUVASH REPUBLIC "BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT FACILITIES," THE MINISTRY OF CONSTRUCTION, ARCHITECTURE AND HOUSING AND COMMUNAL SECTOR CHUVASH REPUBLIC
Address : The Russian Federation, 428024, Chuvash Republic - Chuvashia, Cheboksary g WORLD, 5 / A -
Open Competition: For The Right To Enter Into An Agreement For Development Of Design - Budget Documentation Construction Of The Boiler House With Engineering Services For Heating The School Buildings And Dormitories GAPOU Kantet Ministry Of Education Of Chuvashia And Pipeline To The Boiler Academic Buildings And Dormitories GAPOU Kantet Ministry Of Education Of Chuvashia, Located At: Chuvash Republic, Canas Street.
Overpass over the railway Cheboksary-Kanash 0 + 487 km on the highway east of the entrance to Cheboksary ad M-7 Volga , Chuvash Republic.
Address : 429950, the Chuvash Republic - Chuvashia, Novocheboksarsk City Municipal Street, Building 8
Open Competition: Implementation Of Works On Creation Of The Complex Provides The Infrastructure Of Tourist-Recreational Cluster Ethnic Chuvashia Chuvash Republic - Transport Infrastructure Etnokompleksa Amazonia Cheboksary (1St Stage-Construction Of The Highway Street.
Open Competition: Open tender for the right to sign the contract for performance of work in the field of information technology on Maintenance and updating of the state information systems of the Chuvash Republic.