Chigirin

(redirected from Chyhyryn)
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Chigirin

(chĭgĭrēn`), Ukr. Chyhyryn, city, central Ukraine, on the Tyasmin River, a tributary of the Dnieper. Founded in 1589 as a fortress, Chigirin served as the residence of the hetman of Ukraine from 1649 (when it was so designated by the Treaty of Zborov between Hetman Bohdan ChmielnickiChmielnicki, Khmelnytskyy or Khmelnitsky, Bohdan
, c.1595–1657, hetman (leader) of Ukraine. An educated member of the Ukrainian gentry, he early joined the Ukrainian Cossacks.
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 and the Polish king) until 1687. It was thus the capital of right-bank UkraineUkraine
, Ukr. Ukraina, republic (2005 est. pop. 47,425,000), 232,046 sq mi (601,000 sq km), E Europe. It borders on Poland in the northwest; on Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, and Moldova in the southwest; on the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov in the south; on Russia in the
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. The city passed to Russia in 1795.

Chigirin

 

a city and administrative center of Chigirin Raion, Cherkassy Oblast, Ukrainian SSR. Chigirin is situated on the Tiasmin River, a tributary of the Dnieper, 36 km from the railroad station of Fundukleevka on the Znamenka-Imeni Tarasa Shevchenko line, and 63 km southeast of Cherkass. It has enterprises for the production of leather clothing accessories, furs, furniture, accessories, bricks, and foodstuffs. The city has a museum of local lore.

Chigirin has been known since the first half of the 16th century, when it was a fortified cossack wintering site. From 1648 to 1657 it was the seat of the Ukrainian hetman B. Khmel’nitskii. Chigirin was destroyed by Turkish and Tatar invaders during the Chigirin Campaigns of 1677–78. In 1795 it became a district capital in Voznesensk Province, and in 1797, a district capital in Kiev Province. In 1876–77 Chigirin District was the scene of an attempted peasant uprising under the leadership of the Narodniki (Populists).

References in periodicals archive ?
47) In August 1677, a huge Turkish-Tatar army besieged Chyhyryn with the purpose of returning this capital of Ukrainian Cossack hetmans to Khmel'nyts'kyi.