chylomicron

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chylomicron

[‚kīl·ə′mī‚krän]
(biochemistry)
One of the extremely small lipid droplets, consisting chiefly of triglycerides, found in blood after ingestion of fat.
References in periodicals archive ?
The rest comes from remnants of chylomicrons and of VLDL.
Data showed that breakdown of chylomicrons produced after meals was greatly and significantly improved at both 14 and 52 weeks following one-time Glybera administration.
The best recognized role of apo E in lipid metabolism is as a ligand for receptor mediated clearance of chylomicron and VLDL remnants.
Double-blind controlled study on the effects of dietary diacylglycerol on post-prandial serum and chylomicron triacylglycerol responses in healthy humans.
When absorbed within the intestinal cells, the FAs are re-esterified to triglycerides and integrated into lipid transport particles called chylomicrons, together with cholesterol.
The researchers say that they wanted to determine whether some unwanted LPS particles, routinely shed by the bacteria that inhabit the human gut, might also be sneaking in the chylomicrons.
Onge explained that MCTs don't need to be repackaged into triglycerides and chylomicrons for transportation to the liver; they travel through the portal circulation, bypassing peripheral tissues.
This disorder is characterized by an increase in both chylomicrons and VLDL (Table 2) and the exact cause for this is unknown.
The various sub-fractions are known as chylomicrons, very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL), low-density lipoproteins (LDL), high-density lipoproteins (HDL).
Furthermore, pancreatic capillaries are plugged by chylomicrons leading to ischaemia.
They carry lipids (long chain fatty acids--more than 12 carbon atoms), partially processed from food to chylomicrons, upwards via the thoracic duct, thence to be transported per the systemic venous circulation (12).
After oral exposure, it is likely that absorption of brevetoxins across the intestinal mucosa will lead to their incorporation into chylomicrons.