chylomicron

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chylomicron

[‚kīl·ə′mī‚krän]
(biochemistry)
One of the extremely small lipid droplets, consisting chiefly of triglycerides, found in blood after ingestion of fat.
References in periodicals archive ?
Kohan AB, Wang F, Li X, et al Apolipoprotein A-IV regulates chylomicron metabolism-mechanism and function.
Furthermore, the Friedewald equation is not suitable for use when chylomicrons are present because the equation has no correction factor for the cholesterol content of chylomicrons.
The metabolism of chylomicrons may be defective in diabetic rats leading to the reduction of ApoE to HDL.
22 showed that LPS can be transported into the blood by mechanisms provided by long chain fatty acids like oleic acid and formation of chylomicron from intestinal epithelial cells.
The company review references various DHA-based sources and dosages offering superior utility in the treatment of postprandial fat metabolism, including those studies which showed DHA best affects fat levels moving from the intestine to the liver by acting as a physical lipid component of chylomicrons.
When chylomicrons are broken down in the bloodstream, the triglycerides' free fatty acids get deposited in fat or muscle cells and you're left with particles that are cholesterol-rich.
In patients with mutations in the LPL gene, dietary fat (triglyceride molecules) cannot be broken down and so causes chylomicrons, which carry triglycerides around the body, to accumulate in the blood.
8] developed reconstituted chylomicron which incorporated a hydrophobic DNA complex and used it as an in-vivo gene transfer vector and found that the DNA-incorporated chylomicrons induced a high gene expression in mouse liver after the reconstituted chylomicron was administered through portal vain injection.
Once in the circulation they, like the chylomicrons, receive Apo-C and Apo-E from HDL.
Liabetes mellitus induces a state of dyslipidemia with abnormalities in all lipoproteins, namely, chylomicrons, very low density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C).
The human apolipoprotein E (apo E) is a serum glycoprotein consisting of 299 amino acids found in circulating chylomicrons, chylomicron remnants, very low density lipoproteins (VLDL), intermediate density lipoproteins (IDL) and high-density lipoproteins (HDL) (1).